提问



我正在寻找一种最佳方法来调整TextView中包装文本的大小,以便它适合其getHeight和getWidth界限。我不仅仅是在寻找一种方法来包装文本 - 我想确保它既包装又小到足以完全贴合在屏幕上。


我已经在StackOverflow上看到了需要自动调整大小的一些案例,但它们或者是非常特殊的黑客解决方案案例,没有解决方案,或者涉及递归重新绘制TextView直到它足够小(这是内存紧张并强制用户观看文本逐步收缩每次递归)。


但我确信有人在那里找到了一个很好的解决方案,它不涉及我正在做的事情:写几个重型例程来解析和测量文本,调整文本大小,然后重复直到找到一个合适的小尺寸。


TextView用来包装文本的例程是什么?难道不能以某种方式用来预测文本是否足够小?


tl; dr :是否有一种最佳实践方法可以自动调整TextView以适应,包装,在其getHeight和getWidth范围内?

最佳参考


使用Android 8.0(Api等级26),这是默认功能。
https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/ui/look-and-feel/autosizing-textview.html[74]

其它参考1


作为一名移动开发人员,我很遗憾找不到支持自动调整大小的原生内容。我的搜索没有找到任何对我有用的东西,最后,我度过了周末的一半,并创建了自己的自动调整大小文本视图。我会在这里发布代码,希望它对其他人有用。


此类使用静态布局和原始文本视图的文本绘制来测量高度。从那里,我逐步减少2个字体像素并重新测量,直到我有一个适合的大小。最后,如果文本仍然不适合,我附加省略号。我有动画文本和重用视图的要求,这似乎在我拥有的设备上运行良好,并且似乎运行得足够快。


/**
 *               DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *                    Version 2, December 2004
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Sam Hocevar <sam@hocevar.net>
 * 
 * Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim or modified
 * copies of this license document, and changing it is allowed as long
 * as the name is changed.
 * 
 *            DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
 * 
 *  0. You just DO WHAT YOU WANT TO.
 */

import android.content.Context;
import android.text.Layout.Alignment;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

/**
 * Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view.
 * If the text size equals the minimum text size and still does not
 * fit, append with an ellipsis.
 * 
 * @author Chase Colburn
 * @since Apr 4, 2011
 */
public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

    // Interface for resize notifications
    public interface OnTextResizeListener {
        public void onTextResize(TextView textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
    }

    // Our ellipse string
    private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

    // Registered resize listener
    private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

    // Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
    private boolean mNeedsResize = false;

    // Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for resizing
    private float mTextSize;

    // Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize = 0;

    // Lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

    // Text view additional line spacing
    private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

    // Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
    private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    // Default constructor when inflating from XML file
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text size.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start, final int before, final int after) {
        mNeedsResize = true;
        // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
        resetTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        if (w != oldw || h != oldh) {
            mNeedsResize = true;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Register listener to receive resize notifications
     * @param listener
     */
    public void setOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener) {
        mTextResizeListener = listener;
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        super.setTextSize(size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
        super.setTextSize(unit, size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
        super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
        mSpacingMult = mult;
        mSpacingAdd = add;
    }

    /**
     * Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param maxTextSize
     */
    public void setMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize) {
        mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return upper text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMaxTextSize() {
        return mMaxTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param minTextSize
     */
    public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
        mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return lower text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMinTextSize() {
        return mMinTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @param addEllipsis
     */
    public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
        mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
        return mAddEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Reset the text to the original size
     */
    public void resetTextSize() {
        if (mTextSize > 0) {
            super.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
            mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Resize text after measuring
     */
    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        if (changed || mNeedsResize) {
            int widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft() - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom() - getCompoundPaddingTop();
            resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }
        super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with default width and height
     */
    public void resizeText() {

        int heightLimit = getHeight() - getPaddingBottom() - getPaddingTop();
        int widthLimit = getWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with specified width and height
     * @param width
     * @param height
     */
    public void resizeText(int width, int height) {
        CharSequence text = getText();
        // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no text
        if (text == null || text.length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0 || mTextSize == 0) {
            return;
        }

        if (getTransformationMethod() != null) {
            text = getTransformationMethod().getTransformation(text, this);
        }

        // Get the text view's paint object
        TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

        // Store the current text size
        float oldTextSize = textPaint.getTextSize();
        // If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the default text size
        float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? Math.min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize) : mTextSize;

        // Get the required text height
        int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        // Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
        while (textHeight > height && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
            targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        }

        // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append an ellipsis
        if (mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height) {
            // Draw using a static layout
            // modified: use a copy of TextPaint for measuring
            TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(textPaint);
            // Draw using a static layout
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            // Check that we have a least one line of rendered text
            if (layout.getLineCount() > 0) {
                // Since the line at the specific vertical position would be cut off,
                // we must trim up to the previous line
                int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(height) - 1;
                // If the text would not even fit on a single line, clear it
                if (lastLine < 0) {
                    setText("");
                }
                // Otherwise, trim to the previous line and add an ellipsis
                else {
                    int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
                    int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
                    float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
                    float ellipseWidth = textPaint.measureText(mEllipsis);

                    // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the ellipsis
                    while (width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                        lineWidth = textPaint.measureText(text.subSequence(start, --end + 1).toString());
                    }
                    setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);
                }
            }
        }

        // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line spacing
        // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
        setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, targetTextSize);
        setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

        // Notify the listener if registered
        if (mTextResizeListener != null) {
            mTextResizeListener.onTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);
        }

        // Reset force resize flag
        mNeedsResize = false;
    }

    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width, float textSize) {
        // modified: make a copy of the original TextPaint object for measuring
        // (apparently the object gets modified while measuring, see also the
        // docs for TextView.getPaint() (which states to access it read-only)
        TextPaint paintCopy = new TextPaint(paint);
        // Update the text paint object
        paintCopy.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Measure using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paintCopy, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        return layout.getHeight();
    }

}


警告。有一个重要的修复错误影响Android 3.1 - 4.04导致所有AutoResizingTextView小部件无法正常工作。请阅读:https://stackoverflow.com/a/21851157/2075875

其它参考2


更新:以下代码还满足了理想 AutoScaleTextView的要求,如下所述:自动调整TextView for Android并标记为获胜者。


更新2:支持添加的maxlines,现在在API级别16之前正常工作。


更新3:支持添加android:drawableLeftandroid:drawableRightandroid:drawableTopandroid:drawableBottom标签,这要归功于MartinH在这里的简单修复。





我的要求有点不同。我需要一种有效的方法来调整大小,因为我在2秒内在TextView中设置了一个整数,可能是0到~4000,我想相应地调整大小。我的解决方案有点不同。以下是最终结果:





以及产生它的代码:


<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="16dp" >

    <com.vj.widgets.AutoResizeTextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="100dp"
        android:ellipsize="none"
        android:maxLines="2"
        android:text="Auto Resized Text, max 2 lines"
        android:textSize="100sp" /> <!-- maximum size -->

    <com.vj.widgets.AutoResizeTextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="100dp"
        android:ellipsize="none"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:maxLines="1"
        android:text="Auto Resized Text, max 1 line"
        android:textSize="100sp" /> <!-- maximum size -->

    <com.vj.widgets.AutoResizeTextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Auto Resized Text"
        android:textSize="500sp" /> <!-- maximum size -->

</LinearLayout>


最后是java代码:


import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.graphics.RectF;
import android.os.Build;
import android.text.Layout.Alignment;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.SparseIntArray;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {
private interface SizeTester {
    /**
     * 
     * @param suggestedSize
     *            Size of text to be tested
     * @param availableSpace
     *            available space in which text must fit
     * @return an integer < 0 if after applying {@code suggestedSize} to
     *         text, it takes less space than {@code availableSpace}, > 0
     *         otherwise
     */
    public int onTestSize(int suggestedSize, RectF availableSpace);
}

private RectF mTextRect = new RectF();

private RectF mAvailableSpaceRect;

private SparseIntArray mTextCachedSizes;

private TextPaint mPaint;

private float mMaxTextSize;

private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

private float mMinTextSize = 20;

private int mWidthLimit;

private static final int NO_LINE_LIMIT = -1;
private int mMaxLines;

private boolean mEnableSizeCache = true;
private boolean mInitiallized;

public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
    super(context);
    initialize();
}

public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
    initialize();
}

public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    initialize();
}

private void initialize() {
    mPaint = new TextPaint(getPaint());
    mMaxTextSize = getTextSize();
    mAvailableSpaceRect = new RectF();
    mTextCachedSizes = new SparseIntArray();
    if (mMaxLines == 0) {
        // no value was assigned during construction
        mMaxLines = NO_LINE_LIMIT;
    }
    mInitiallized = true;
}

@Override
public void setText(final CharSequence text, BufferType type) {
    super.setText(text, type);
    adjustTextSize(text.toString());
}

@Override
public void setTextSize(float size) {
    mMaxTextSize = size;
    mTextCachedSizes.clear();
    adjustTextSize(getText().toString());
}

@Override
public void setMaxLines(int maxlines) {
    super.setMaxLines(maxlines);
    mMaxLines = maxlines;
    reAdjust();
}

public int getMaxLines() {
    return mMaxLines;
}

@Override
public void setSingleLine() {
    super.setSingleLine();
    mMaxLines = 1;
    reAdjust();
}

@Override
public void setSingleLine(boolean singleLine) {
    super.setSingleLine(singleLine);
    if (singleLine) {
        mMaxLines = 1;
    } else {
        mMaxLines = NO_LINE_LIMIT;
    }
    reAdjust();
}

@Override
public void setLines(int lines) {
    super.setLines(lines);
    mMaxLines = lines;
    reAdjust();
}

@Override
public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
    Context c = getContext();
    Resources r;

    if (c == null)
        r = Resources.getSystem();
    else
        r = c.getResources();
    mMaxTextSize = TypedValue.applyDimension(unit, size,
            r.getDisplayMetrics());
    mTextCachedSizes.clear();
    adjustTextSize(getText().toString());
}

@Override
public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
    super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
    mSpacingMult = mult;
    mSpacingAdd = add;
}

/**
 * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
 * 
 * @param minTextSize
 */
public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
    mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
    reAdjust();
}

private void reAdjust() {
    adjustTextSize(getText().toString());
}

private void adjustTextSize(String string) {
    if (!mInitiallized) {
        return;
    }
    int startSize = (int) mMinTextSize;
    int heightLimit = getMeasuredHeight() - getCompoundPaddingBottom()
        - getCompoundPaddingTop();
    mWidthLimit = getMeasuredWidth() - getCompoundPaddingLeft()
        - getCompoundPaddingRight();
    mAvailableSpaceRect.right = mWidthLimit;
    mAvailableSpaceRect.bottom = heightLimit;
    super.setTextSize(
            TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX,
            efficientTextSizeSearch(startSize, (int) mMaxTextSize,
                    mSizeTester, mAvailableSpaceRect));
}

private final SizeTester mSizeTester = new SizeTester() {
    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN)
    @Override
    public int onTestSize(int suggestedSize, RectF availableSPace) {
        mPaint.setTextSize(suggestedSize);
        String text = getText().toString();
        boolean singleline = getMaxLines() == 1;
        if (singleline) {
            mTextRect.bottom = mPaint.getFontSpacing();
            mTextRect.right = mPaint.measureText(text);
        } else {
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, mPaint,
                    mWidthLimit, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult,
                    mSpacingAdd, true);
            // return early if we have more lines
            if (getMaxLines() != NO_LINE_LIMIT
                    && layout.getLineCount() > getMaxLines()) {
                return 1;
            }
            mTextRect.bottom = layout.getHeight();
            int maxWidth = -1;
            for (int i = 0; i < layout.getLineCount(); i++) {
                if (maxWidth < layout.getLineWidth(i)) {
                    maxWidth = (int) layout.getLineWidth(i);
                }
            }
            mTextRect.right = maxWidth;
        }

        mTextRect.offsetTo(0, 0);
        if (availableSPace.contains(mTextRect)) {
            // may be too small, don't worry we will find the best match
            return -1;
        } else {
            // too big
            return 1;
        }
    }
};

/**
 * Enables or disables size caching, enabling it will improve performance
 * where you are animating a value inside TextView. This stores the font
 * size against getText().length() Be careful though while enabling it as 0
 * takes more space than 1 on some fonts and so on.
 * 
 * @param enable
 *            enable font size caching
 */
public void enableSizeCache(boolean enable) {
    mEnableSizeCache = enable;
    mTextCachedSizes.clear();
    adjustTextSize(getText().toString());
}

private int efficientTextSizeSearch(int start, int end,
        SizeTester sizeTester, RectF availableSpace) {
    if (!mEnableSizeCache) {
        return binarySearch(start, end, sizeTester, availableSpace);
    }
    String text = getText().toString();
    int key = text == null ? 0 : text.length();
    int size = mTextCachedSizes.get(key);
    if (size != 0) {
        return size;
    }
    size = binarySearch(start, end, sizeTester, availableSpace);
    mTextCachedSizes.put(key, size);
    return size;
}

private static int binarySearch(int start, int end, SizeTester sizeTester,
        RectF availableSpace) {
    int lastBest = start;
    int lo = start;
    int hi = end - 1;
    int mid = 0;
    while (lo <= hi) {
        mid = (lo + hi) >>> 1;
        int midValCmp = sizeTester.onTestSize(mid, availableSpace);
        if (midValCmp < 0) {
            lastBest = lo;
            lo = mid + 1;
        } else if (midValCmp > 0) {
            hi = mid - 1;
            lastBest = hi;
        } else {
            return mid;
        }
    }
    // make sure to return last best
    // this is what should always be returned
    return lastBest;

}

@Override
protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
        final int before, final int after) {
    super.onTextChanged(text, start, before, after);
    reAdjust();
}

@Override
protected void onSizeChanged(int width, int height, int oldwidth,
        int oldheight) {
    mTextCachedSizes.clear();
    super.onSizeChanged(width, height, oldwidth, oldheight);
    if (width != oldwidth || height != oldheight) {
        reAdjust();
    }
}
}

其它参考3


实际上,一个解决方案是在Google的DialogTitle类中......虽然它不如被接受的那个有效,但它更简单,更容易适应。[78]


public class SingleLineTextView extends TextView {

  public SingleLineTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
  }

  public SingleLineTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
  }

  public SingleLineTextView(Context context) {
    super(context);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
  }

  @Override
  protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);

    final Layout layout = getLayout();
    if (layout != null) {
      final int lineCount = layout.getLineCount();
      if (lineCount > 0) {
        final int ellipsisCount = layout.getEllipsisCount(lineCount - 1);
        if (ellipsisCount > 0) {

          final float textSize = getTextSize();

          // textSize is already expressed in pixels
          setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, (textSize - 1));

          super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
        }
      }
    }
  }

}

其它参考4


我从Chase的解决方案开始,但在我的设备(Galaxy Nexus,Android 4.1)上按预期工作之前必须调整两件事:



  1. 使用TextPaint副本测量布局
    TextView.getPaint()的文档声明它应该只读,因此我在两个使用paint对象进行测量的地方制作了一个副本:[79]


    // 1. in resizeText()
    if (mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height) {
      // Draw using a static layout
      // modified: use a copy of TextPaint for measuring
      TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(textPaint);
    
    // 2. in getTextHeight()
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint originalPaint, int width, float textSize) {
      // modified: make a copy of the original TextPaint object for measuring
      // (apparently the object gets modified while measuring, see also the
      // docs for TextView.getPaint() (which states to access it read-only)
      TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(originalPaint);
      // Update the text paint object
      paint.setTextSize(textSize);
      ...
    

  2. 添加单位以设置文字大小


    // modified: setting text size via this.setTextSize (instead of textPaint.setTextSize(targetTextSize))
    setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, targetTextSize);
    setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);
    



通过这两个修改,解决方案对我来说非常有效,谢谢Chase!我不知道是否由于Android 4.x而导致原始解决方案无法正常工作。如果您想要查看它的运行情况或测试它是否真的适用于您的设备,您可以查看我的闪卡应用我使用此解决方案缩放闪卡的文本的Flash卡片ToGo。文本可以有任意长度,闪卡在不同的Activity中显示,有时更小,有时更大,加上横向+纵向模式,我没有找到任何在解决方案无法正常工作的情况下...... [80]

其它参考5


我从Chase的AutoResizeTextView类开始,做了一个小改动,因此它适合垂直和水平。


我还发现了一个错误,它在布局编辑器(在Eclipse中)在一些相当模糊的条件下导致空指针异常。


更改1:垂直和水平放置文本


Chase的原始版本减小了文本大小,直到它垂直适合,但允许文本比目标宽。在我的情况下,我需要文本适合指定的宽度。


此更改使其调整大小,直到文本垂直和水平都适合。


resizeText( int , int )中改变自:


// Get the required text height
int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

// Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
while(textHeight > height && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
    targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
    textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
    }


至:


// Get the required text height
int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
int textWidth  = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

// Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
while(((textHeight >= height) || (textWidth >= width) ) && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
    targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
    textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
    textWidth  = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
    }


然后,在文件的末尾,追加getTextWidth()例程;它只是略微修改getTextHeight()。将它们组合到一个返回高度和宽度的例程可能会更有效。


// Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to render text off screen before measuring
private int getTextWidth(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width, float textSize) {
    // Update the text paint object
    paint.setTextSize(textSize);
    // Draw using a static layout
    StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
    layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
    return layout.getWidth();
}  


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更改2:修复Eclipse Android布局编辑器中的EmptyStackException


在相当模糊和非常精确的条件下,布局编辑器将无法显示布局的图形显示;它将在com.android.ide.eclipse.adt中抛出EmptyStackException:null异常。


所需条件是:

- 创建AutoResizeTextView小部件

- 为该窗口小部件创建样式
- 指定样式中的文本项;不在小部件定义中


如:


RES/布局/main.xml中:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <com.ajw.DemoCrashInADT.AutoResizeTextView
        android:id="@+id/resizingText"
        style="@style/myTextStyle" />

</LinearLayout>


RES/值/myStyles.xml:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>

    <style name="myTextStyle" parent="@android:style/Widget.TextView">
        <item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
        <item name="android:layout_width">fill_parent</item>
        <item name="android:text">some message</item>
    </style>

</resources>


使用这些文件,在编辑main.xml时选择图形布局选项卡将显示:



  

    错误!结果
    EmptyStackException:null

    窗口>显示视图>错误日志中记录了异常详细信息

  



而不是布局的图形视图。


为了使已经太长的故事更短,我将其跟踪到以下几行(再次在resizeText中):


// If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the default text size
float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? Math.min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize) : mTextSize;


问题是在特定条件下,mTextSize永远不会被初始化;它的值为0。


使用上面的内容,targetTextSize设置为零(作为Math.min的结果)。


该零被传递给getTextHeight()(和getTextWidth())作为textSize参数。什么时候到达
layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);,点击
我们得到例外。


resizeText()的开头测试是否(mTextSize == 0)而不是在getTextHeight()getTextWidth()中测试更有效;之前的测试可以保存所有干预工作。


通过这些更新,文件(如我的崩溃演示测试应用程序中)现在是:


//
// from:  http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5033012/auto-scale-textview-text-to-fit-within-bounds
//
//

package com.ajw.DemoCrashInADT;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.text.Layout.Alignment;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

/**
 * Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view. If the text
 * size equals the minimum text size and still does not fit, append with an
 * ellipsis.
 *
 * 2011-10-29 changes by Alan Jay Weiner
 *              * change to fit both vertically and horizontally  
 *              * test mTextSize for 0 in resizeText() to fix exception in Layout Editor
 *
 * @author Chase Colburn
 * @since Apr 4, 2011
 */
public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

    // Interface for resize notifications
    public interface OnTextResizeListener {
        public void onTextResize(TextView textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
    }

    // Off screen canvas for text size rendering
    private static final Canvas sTextResizeCanvas = new Canvas();

    // Our ellipse string
    private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

    // Registered resize listener
    private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

    // Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
    private boolean mNeedsResize = false;

    // Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for
    // resizing
    private float mTextSize;

    // Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize = 0;

    // Lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

    // Text view additional line spacing
    private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

    // Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
    private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;


    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }


    // Default constructor when inflating from XML file
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }


    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text
     * size.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
            final int before, final int after) {
        mNeedsResize = true;
        // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
        resetTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        if (w != oldw || h != oldh) {
            mNeedsResize = true;
        }
    }


    /**
     * Register listener to receive resize notifications
     *
     * @param listener
     */
    public void setOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener) {
        mTextResizeListener = listener;
    }


    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        super.setTextSize(size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
        super.setTextSize(unit, size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
        super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
        mSpacingMult = mult;
        mSpacingAdd = add;
    }


    /**
     * Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
     *
     * @param maxTextSize
     */
    public void setMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize) {
        mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }


    /**
     * Return upper text size limit
     *
     * @return
     */
    public float getMaxTextSize() {
        return mMaxTextSize;
    }


    /**
     * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
     *
     * @param minTextSize
     */
    public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
        mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }


    /**
     * Return lower text size limit
     *
     * @return
     */
    public float getMinTextSize() {
        return mMinTextSize;
    }


    /**
     * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     *
     * @param addEllipsis
     */
    public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
        mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
    }


    /**
     * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text
     * size
     *
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
        return mAddEllipsis;
    }


    /**
     * Reset the text to the original size
     */
    public void resetTextSize() {
        super.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
        mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
    }


    /**
     * Resize text after measuring
     */
    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        if (changed || mNeedsResize) {
            int widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft()
                    - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom()
                    - getCompoundPaddingTop();
            resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }
        super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
    }


    /**
     * Resize the text size with default width and height
     */
    public void resizeText() {
        int heightLimit = getHeight() - getPaddingBottom() - getPaddingTop();
        int widthLimit = getWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
    }


    /**
     * Resize the text size with specified width and height
     *
     * @param width
     * @param height
     */
    public void resizeText(int width, int height) {
        CharSequence text = getText();
        // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no
        // text
        // or if mTextSize has not been initialized
        if (text == null || text.length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0
                || mTextSize == 0) {
            return;
        }

        // Get the text view's paint object
        TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

        // Store the current text size
        float oldTextSize = textPaint.getTextSize();

        // If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the
        // default text size
        float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? Math.min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize)
                : mTextSize;

        // Get the required text height
        int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        int textWidth = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        // Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min
        // text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
        while (((textHeight > height) || (textWidth > width))
                && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
            targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
            textWidth = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        }

        // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append
        // an ellipsis
        if (mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height) {
            // Draw using a static layout
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, textPaint, width,
                    Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
            int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(height) - 1;
            int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
            int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
            float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
            float ellipseWidth = textPaint.measureText(mEllipsis);

            // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the
            // ellipsis
            while (width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                lineWidth = textPaint.measureText(text.subSequence(start, --end + 1)
                        .toString());
            }
            setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);

        }

        // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line
        // spacing
        // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
        textPaint.setTextSize(targetTextSize);
        setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

        // Notify the listener if registered
        if (mTextResizeListener != null) {
            mTextResizeListener.onTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);
        }

        // Reset force resize flag
        mNeedsResize = false;
    }


    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to
    // render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width,
            float textSize) {
        // Update the text paint object
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Draw using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width,
                Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
        return layout.getHeight();
    }


    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to
    // render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextWidth(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width,
            float textSize) {
        // Update the text paint object
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Draw using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width,
                Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
        return layout.getWidth();
    }

}


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非常感谢Chase发布初始代码。我喜欢阅读它,看看它是如何工作的,我很高兴能够添加它。

其它参考6


Android 4.x的解决方法:


我找到了AutoResizeTextView,它在我的Android 2.1模拟器上运行良好。我太喜欢它了。但不幸的是,它在我自己的4.0.4手机和4.1仿真器上失败了。尝试后我发现它可以通过在xml中的AutoResizeTextView类中添加以下属性来轻松解决:



  机器人:ellipsize=无

  
  机器人:单线=真



通过上面的2行,现在AutoResizeTextView在我的2.1& 4.1模拟器和我自己的4.0.4手机现在。


希望这对你有所帮助。 :-)

其它参考7


警告,Android Honeycomb和Ice Cream Sandwich中的错误


机器人版本:3.1 - 4.04有一个错误,TextView内的setTextSize()仅适用于第一次(第一次调用)。


此处描述了错误:http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=21493 http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=17343#c9 [[[81] [82]


解决方法是在更改大小之前将新行字符添加到分配给TextView的文本:


final String DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE = "\u3000";
textView.append(DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE);


我在我的代码中使用它如下:


final String DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE = "\u3000";
AutoResizeTextView textView = (AutoResizeTextView) view.findViewById(R.id.aTextView);
String fixString = "";
if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB_MR1
   && android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT <= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH_MR1) {  
    fixString = DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE;
}
textView.setText(fixString + "The text" + fixString);


我在文本的左侧和右侧添加了这个\\ u3000字符,以使其保持居中。如果您将其对齐到左侧,则仅附加到右侧。当然它也可以嵌入AutoResizeTextView小部件,但我想将修复代码保留在外面。

其它参考8


我需要调整文本大小以完全适合视图边界。 Chase的解决方案只能缩小文本大小,如果有足够的空间,这个也会扩大文本。


使所有快速&精确我使用了二分法而不是迭代法,正如您在resizeText()方法中看到的那样。这就是为什么你还有一个MAX_TEXT_SIZE选项。我还包括onoelle的提示。


在Android 4.4上测试过


/**
 *               DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *                    Version 2, December 2004
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Sam Hocevar <sam@hocevar.net>
 *
 * Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim or modified
 * copies of this license document, and changing it is allowed as long
 * as the name is changed.
 *
 *            DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
 *
 *  0. You just DO WHAT YOU WANT TO.
 */

import android.content.Context;
import android.text.Layout.Alignment;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

/**
 * Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view.
 * If the text size equals the minimum text size and still does not
 * fit, append with an ellipsis.
 *
 * @author Chase Colburn
 * @since Apr 4, 2011
 */
public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 26;

    // Maximum text size for this text view
    public static final float MAX_TEXT_SIZE = 128;

    private static final int BISECTION_LOOP_WATCH_DOG = 30;

    // Interface for resize notifications
    public interface OnTextResizeListener {
        public void onTextResize(TextView textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
    }

    // Our ellipse string
    private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

    // Registered resize listener
    private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

    // Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
    private boolean mNeedsResize = false;

    // Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for resizing
    private float mTextSize;

    // Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize = MAX_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

    // Text view additional line spacing
    private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

    // Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
    private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    // Default constructor when inflating from XML file
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text size.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start, final int before, final int after) {
        mNeedsResize = true;
        // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
        resetTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        if (w != oldw || h != oldh) {
            mNeedsResize = true;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Register listener to receive resize notifications
     * @param listener
     */
    public void setOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener) {
        mTextResizeListener = listener;
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        super.setTextSize(size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
        super.setTextSize(unit, size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
        super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
        mSpacingMult = mult;
        mSpacingAdd = add;
    }

    /**
     * Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param maxTextSize
     */
    public void setMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize) {
        mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return upper text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMaxTextSize() {
        return mMaxTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param minTextSize
     */
    public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
        mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return lower text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMinTextSize() {
        return mMinTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @param addEllipsis
     */
    public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
        mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
        return mAddEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Reset the text to the original size
     */
    public void resetTextSize() {
        if(mTextSize > 0) {
            super.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
            //mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Resize text after measuring
     */
    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        if(changed || mNeedsResize) {
            int widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft() - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom() - getCompoundPaddingTop();
            resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }
        super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
    }


    /**
     * Resize the text size with default width and height
     */
    public void resizeText() {
        int heightLimit = getHeight() - getPaddingBottom() - getPaddingTop();
        int widthLimit = getWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with specified width and height
     * @param width
     * @param height
     */
    public void resizeText(int width, int height) {
        CharSequence text = getText();
        // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no text
        if(text == null || text.length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0 || mTextSize == 0) {
            return;
        }

        // Get the text view's paint object
        TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

        // Store the current text size
        float oldTextSize = textPaint.getTextSize();

        // Bisection method: fast & precise
        float lower = mMinTextSize;
        float upper = mMaxTextSize;
        int loop_counter=1;
        float targetTextSize = (lower+upper)/2;
        int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        while(loop_counter < BISECTION_LOOP_WATCH_DOG && upper - lower > 1) {
            targetTextSize = (lower+upper)/2;
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
            if(textHeight > height)
                upper = targetTextSize;
            else
                lower = targetTextSize;
            loop_counter++;
        }

        targetTextSize = lower;
        textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append an ellipsis
        if(mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height) {
            // Draw using a static layout
            // modified: use a copy of TextPaint for measuring
            TextPaint paintCopy = new TextPaint(textPaint);
            paintCopy.setTextSize(targetTextSize);
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, paintCopy, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            // Check that we have a least one line of rendered text
            if(layout.getLineCount() > 0) {
                // Since the line at the specific vertical position would be cut off,
                // we must trim up to the previous line
                int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(height) - 1;
                // If the text would not even fit on a single line, clear it
                if(lastLine < 0) {
                    setText("");
                }
                // Otherwise, trim to the previous line and add an ellipsis
                else {
                    int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
                    int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
                    float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
                    float ellipseWidth = paintCopy.measureText(mEllipsis);

                    // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the ellipsis
                    while(width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                        lineWidth = paintCopy.measureText(text.subSequence(start, --end + 1).toString());
                    }
                    setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);
                }
            }
        }

        // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line spacing
        // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
        setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, targetTextSize);
        setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

        // Notify the listener if registered
        if(mTextResizeListener != null) {
            mTextResizeListener.onTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);
        }

        // Reset force resize flag
        mNeedsResize = false;
    }

    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint originalPaint, int width, float textSize) {
        // modified: make a copy of the original TextPaint object for measuring
        // (apparently the object gets modified while measuring, see also the
        // docs for TextView.getPaint() (which states to access it read-only)
        TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(originalPaint);
        // Update the text paint object
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Measure using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        return layout.getHeight();
    }

}

其它参考9


AppcompatTextView现在支持从Support Library 26.0开始的自动调整大小。 Android O中的TextView也以相同的方式工作。更多信息可以在这里找到。一个简单的演示应用程序可以在这里找到。[83] [84]


<LinearLayout
      xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
      xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content">

      <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        app:autoSizeTextType="uniform"
        app:autoSizeMinTextSize="12sp"
        app:autoSizeMaxTextSize="100sp"
        app:autoSizeStepGranularity="2sp"
      />

</LinearLayout>

其它参考10


由于我一直在寻找这个,我刚才找到了一个解决方案,我在这里写的,我将在这里写,以备将来参考。


注意:这段代码是从谷歌Android Lollipop拨号器直接拍摄的,我不记得当时是否进行了更改。此外,我不知道这是哪个许可证,但我有理由认为它是Apache 2.0


等级ResizeTextView,实际View


public class ResizeTextView extends TextView {

private final int mOriginalTextSize;
private final int mMinTextSize;
private final static int sMinSize = 20;
public ResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
    mOriginalTextSize = (int) getTextSize();
    mMinTextSize = (int) sMinSize;
}
@Override
protected void onTextChanged(CharSequence text, int start, int lengthBefore, int lengthAfter) {
    super.onTextChanged(text, start, lengthBefore, lengthAfter);
    ViewUtil.resizeText(this, mOriginalTextSize, mMinTextSize);
}
@Override
protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
    super.onSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh);
    ViewUtil.resizeText(this, mOriginalTextSize, mMinTextSize);
}


这个ResizeTextView类可以扩展TextView及其所有子代,因此我也可以使用EditText。


ViewUtil,方法resizeText(...)


/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
*      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class ViewUtil {

    private ViewUtil() {}

    public static void resizeText(TextView textView, int originalTextSize, int minTextSize) {
        final Paint paint = textView.getPaint();
        final int width = textView.getWidth();
        if (width == 0) return;
        textView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, originalTextSize);
        float ratio = width / paint.measureText(textView.getText().toString());
        if (ratio <= 1.0f) {
            textView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX,
                    Math.max(minTextSize, originalTextSize * ratio));
        }
    }
}


您应该将视图设置为


<yourpackage.yourapp.ResizeTextView
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="64dp"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:maxLines="1"/>


希望能帮助到你!

其它参考11


我希望这可以帮助你


import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.TextView;

/* Based on 
 * from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2617266/how-to-adjust-text-font-size-to-fit-textview
 */
public class FontFitTextView extends TextView {

private static float MAX_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

public FontFitTextView(Context context) {
    this(context, null);
}

public FontFitTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);

    float size = this.getTextSize();
    if (size > MAX_TEXT_SIZE)
        setTextSize(MAX_TEXT_SIZE);
}

private void refitText(String text, int textWidth) {
    if (textWidth > 0) {
        float availableWidth = textWidth - this.getPaddingLeft()
                - this.getPaddingRight();

        TextPaint tp = getPaint();
        Rect rect = new Rect();
        tp.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), rect);
        float size = rect.width();

        if (size > availableWidth)
            setTextScaleX(availableWidth / size);
    }
}

@Override
protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
    int parentWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
    int parentHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);
    refitText(this.getText().toString(), parentWidth);
    this.setMeasuredDimension(parentWidth, parentHeight);
}

@Override
protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
        final int before, final int after) {
    refitText(text.toString(), this.getWidth());
}

@Override
protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
    if (w != oldw) {
        refitText(this.getText().toString(), w);
    }
}
}


注意:如果文本大小超过20,我使用MAX_TEXT_SIZE因为我不想让大字体适用于我的View,如果不是这种情况,你可以简单地删除它。

其它参考12


我写了一篇关于此的博客文章。


我基于Kirill Grouchnikov的博客文章创建了一个名为ResizableButton的组件,该博客文章介绍了在新的Android市场应用程序中使用的自定义组件。我将src代码放在这里。[85] [86]


另一方面,mosabua读了我的帖子并告诉我他将开源他的实施比我的更快。我希望他尽快释放它:)[87]

其它参考13


这是一个简单的解决方案,它使用TextView本身并添加了TextChangedListened:




expressionView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.expressionView);
expressionView.addTextChangedListener(textAutoResizeWatcher(expressionView, 25, 55));

private TextWatcher textAutoResizeWatcher(final TextView view, final int MIN_SP, final int MAX_SP) {
    return new TextWatcher() {
        @Override
        public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence charSequence, int i, int i1, int i2) {}

        @Override
        public void onTextChanged(CharSequence charSequence, int i, int i1, int i2) {}

        @Override
        public void afterTextChanged(Editable editable) {

            final int widthLimitPixels = view.getWidth() - view.getPaddingRight() - view.getPaddingLeft();
            Paint paint = new Paint();
            float fontSizeSP = pixelsToSp(view.getTextSize());
            paint.setTextSize(spToPixels(fontSizeSP));

            String viewText = view.getText().toString();

            float widthPixels = paint.measureText(viewText);

            // Increase font size if necessary.
            if (widthPixels < widthLimitPixels){
                while (widthPixels < widthLimitPixels && fontSizeSP <= MAX_SP){
                    ++fontSizeSP;
                    paint.setTextSize(spToPixels(fontSizeSP));
                    widthPixels = paint.measureText(viewText);
                }
                --fontSizeSP;
            }
            // Decrease font size if necessary.
            else {
                while (widthPixels > widthLimitPixels || fontSizeSP > MAX_SP) {
                    if (fontSizeSP < MIN_SP) {
                        fontSizeSP = MIN_SP;
                        break;
                    }
                    --fontSizeSP;
                    paint.setTextSize(spToPixels(fontSizeSP));
                    widthPixels = paint.measureText(viewText);
                }
            }

            view.setTextSize(fontSizeSP);
        }
    };
}

private float pixelsToSp(float px) {
    float scaledDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().scaledDensity;
    return px/scaledDensity;
}

private float spToPixels(float sp) {
    float scaledDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().scaledDensity;
    return sp * scaledDensity;
}


这种方法将根据需要增加或减少字体大小以适应文本,尊重作为参数接收的MIN_SP和MAX_SP边界。

其它参考14


在2017年的谷歌IO大会上,谷歌推出了TextView的autoSize属性


https://youtu.be/fjUdJ2aVqE4[88]


<android.support.v7.widget.AppCompatTextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:text="@string/my_text"
        app:autoSizeTextType="uniform"
        app:autoSizeMaxTextSize="10sp"
        app:autoSizeMinTextSize="6sp"
        app:autoSizeStepGranularity="1sp"/>

其它参考15


我的实现有点复杂,但附带以下好处:



  • 考虑可用的宽度和可用高度

  • 适用于单行和多行标签

  • 在达到最小字体大小时使用省略号

  • 由于内部文本表示已更改,因此请在单独的变量
  • 中记住最初设置的文本
  • 确保画布始终只有它所需的大小,同时它使用父级的所有可用高度



/**
 * Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view. If the text
 * size equals the minimum text size and still does not fit, append with an
 * ellipsis.
 * 
 * Based on the original work from Chase Colburn
 * &lt;http://stackoverflow.com/a/5535672/305532>
 *
 * @author Thomas Keller &lt;me@thomaskeller.biz>
 */
public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {

    // in dip
    private static final int MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

    private static final boolean SHRINK_TEXT_SIZE = true;

    private static final char ELLIPSIS = '\u2026';

    private static final float LINE_SPACING_MULTIPLIER_MULTILINE = 0.8f;

    private static final float LINE_SPACING_MULTIPLIER_SINGLELINE = 1f;

    private static final float LINE_SPACING_EXTRA = 0.0f;

    private CharSequence mOriginalText;

    // temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize;

    // lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize;

    // determines whether we're currently in the process of measuring ourselves,
    // so we do not enter onMeasure recursively
    private boolean mInMeasure = false;

    // if the text size should be shrinked or if the text size should be kept
    // constant and only characters should be removed to hit the boundaries
    private boolean mShrinkTextSize;

    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
        init(context, null);
    }

    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
        init(context, attrs);
    }

    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        init(context, attrs);
    }

    private void init(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        // the current text size is used as maximum text size we can apply to
        // our widget
        mMaxTextSize = getTextSize();
        if (attrs != null) {
            TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable.AutoResizeTextView);
            mMinTextSize = a.getFloat(R.styleable.AutoResizeTextView_minFontSize, MIN_TEXT_SIZE);
            mShrinkTextSize = a.getBoolean(R.styleable.AutoResizeTextView_shrinkTextSize, SHRINK_TEXT_SIZE);
            a.recycle();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        mMaxTextSize = size;
        super.setTextSize(size);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the original, unmodified text of this widget
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public CharSequence getOriginalText() {
        // text has not been resized yet
        if (mOriginalText == null) {
            return getText();
        }
        return mOriginalText;
    }

    @Override
    public void setText(CharSequence text, BufferType type) {
        if (!mInMeasure) {
            mOriginalText = text.toString();
        }
        super.setText(text, type);
    }

    @SuppressLint("DrawAllocation")
    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        mInMeasure = true;
        try {
            int availableWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec) - getCompoundPaddingLeft()
                    - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int availableHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getCompoundPaddingTop()
                    - getCompoundPaddingBottom();

            // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no
            // text
            if (mOriginalText == null || mOriginalText.length() == 0 || availableWidth <= 0) {
                return;
            }

            TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

            // start with the recorded max text size
            float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize;
            String originalText = mOriginalText.toString();
            String finalText = originalText;

            Rect textSize = getTextSize(originalText, textPaint, targetTextSize);
            boolean textExceedsBounds = textSize.height() > availableHeight || textSize.width() > availableWidth;
            if (mShrinkTextSize && textExceedsBounds) {
                // check whether all lines can be rendered in the available
                // width / height without violating the bounds of the parent and
                // without using a text size that is smaller than the minimum
                // text size
                float heightMultiplier = availableHeight / (float) textSize.height();
                float widthMultiplier = availableWidth / (float) textSize.width();
                float multiplier = Math.min(heightMultiplier, widthMultiplier);
                targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize * multiplier, mMinTextSize);

                // measure again
                textSize = getTextSize(finalText, textPaint, targetTextSize);
            }

            // we cannot shrink the height further when we hit the available
            // height, but we can shrink the width by applying an ellipsis on
            // each line
            if (textSize.width() > availableWidth) {
                StringBuilder modifiedText = new StringBuilder();
                String lines[] = originalText.split(System.getProperty("line.separator"));
                for (int i = 0; i < lines.length; i++) {
                    modifiedText.append(resizeLine(textPaint, lines[i], availableWidth));
                    // add the separator back to all but the last processed line
                    if (i != lines.length - 1) {
                        modifiedText.append(System.getProperty("line.separator"));
                    }
                }
                finalText = modifiedText.toString();

                // measure again
                textSize = getTextSize(finalText, textPaint, targetTextSize);
            }

            textPaint.setTextSize(targetTextSize);
            boolean isMultiline = finalText.indexOf('\n') > -1;
            // do not include extra font padding (for accents, ...) for
            // multiline texts, this will prevent proper placement with
            // Gravity.CENTER_VERTICAL
            if (isMultiline) {
                setLineSpacing(LINE_SPACING_EXTRA, LINE_SPACING_MULTIPLIER_MULTILINE);
                setIncludeFontPadding(false);
            } else {
                setLineSpacing(LINE_SPACING_EXTRA, LINE_SPACING_MULTIPLIER_SINGLELINE);
                setIncludeFontPadding(true);
            }

            // according to
            // <http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=22493>
            // we have to add a unicode character to trigger the text centering
            // in ICS. this particular character is known as "zero-width" and
            // does no harm.
            setText(finalText + "\u200B");

            int measuredWidth = textSize.width() + getCompoundPaddingLeft() + getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int measuredHeight = textSize.height() + getCompoundPaddingTop() + getCompoundPaddingBottom();

            // expand the view to the parent's height in case it is smaller or
            // to the minimum height that has been set
            // FIXME: honor the vertical measure mode (EXACTLY vs AT_MOST) here
            // somehow
            measuredHeight = Math.max(measuredHeight, MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec));
            setMeasuredDimension(measuredWidth, measuredHeight);
        } finally {
            mInMeasure = false;
        }
    }

    private Rect getTextSize(String text, TextPaint textPaint, float textSize) {
        textPaint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // StaticLayout depends on a given width in which it should lay out the
        // text (and optionally also split into separate lines).
        // Therefor we calculate the current text width manually and start with
        // a fake (read: maxmimum) width for the height calculation.
        // We do _not_ use layout.getLineWidth() here since this returns
        // slightly smaller numbers and therefor would lead to exceeded text box
        // drawing.
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, textPaint, Integer.MAX_VALUE, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, 1f, 0f, true);
        int textWidth = 0;
        String lines[] = text.split(System.getProperty("line.separator"));
        for (int i = 0; i < lines.length; ++i) {
            textWidth = Math.max(textWidth, measureTextWidth(textPaint, lines[i]));
        }
        return new Rect(0, 0, textWidth, layout.getHeight());
    }

    private String resizeLine(TextPaint textPaint, String line, int availableWidth) {
        checkArgument(line != null && line.length() > 0, "expected non-empty string");
        int textWidth = measureTextWidth(textPaint, line);
        int lastDeletePos = -1;
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder(line);
        while (textWidth > availableWidth && builder.length() > 0) {
            lastDeletePos = builder.length() / 2;
            builder.deleteCharAt(builder.length() / 2);
            // don't forget to measure the ellipsis character as well; it
            // doesn't matter where it is located in the line, it just has to be
            // there, since there are no (known) ligatures that use this glyph
            String textToMeasure = builder.toString() + ELLIPSIS;
            textWidth = measureTextWidth(textPaint, textToMeasure);
        }
        if (lastDeletePos > -1) {
            builder.insert(lastDeletePos, ELLIPSIS);
        }
        return builder.toString();
    }

    // there are several methods in Android to determine the text width, namely
    // getBounds() and measureText().
    // The latter works for us the best as it gives us the best / nearest
    // results without that our text canvas needs to wrap its text later on
    // again.
    private int measureTextWidth(TextPaint textPaint, String line) {
        return Math.round(textPaint.measureText(line));
    }
}


[[2012-11-21修订]]



  • 修正了省略号的位置(逐个错误)

  • 重写文本大小计算;现在总是测量包括换行符在内的全文,以便在添加两条单条测量线的高度时不会导致与测量整个文本高度相同的结果时解决问题

  • 而不是循环以找到最小的可用文本大小,只需在第一次测量后计算


其它参考16


我发现以下内容可以很好地为我工作。它不会循环并考虑高度和宽度。请注意,在视图上调用setTextSize时指定PX单元很重要。


Paint paint = adjustTextSize(getPaint(), numChars, maxWidth, maxHeight);
setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX,paint.getTextSize());


这是我使用的例程,从视图传入getPaint()。带有宽字符的10个字符的字符串用于估计与实际字符串无关的宽度。


private static final String text10="OOOOOOOOOO";
public static Paint adjustTextSize(Paint paint, int numCharacters, int widthPixels, int heightPixels) {
    float width = paint.measureText(text10)*numCharacters/text10.length();
    float newSize = (int)((widthPixels/width)*paint.getTextSize());
    paint.setTextSize(newSize);

    // remeasure with font size near our desired result
    width = paint.measureText(text10)*numCharacters/text10.length();
    newSize = (int)((widthPixels/width)*paint.getTextSize());
    paint.setTextSize(newSize);

    // Check height constraints
    FontMetricsInt metrics = paint.getFontMetricsInt();
    float textHeight = metrics.descent-metrics.ascent;
    if (textHeight > heightPixels) {
        newSize = (int)(newSize * (heightPixels/textHeight));
        paint.setTextSize(newSize);
    }

    return paint;
}

其它参考17


这里列举了我为仍在搜索的人找到的其他内容:


1)这是一个解决方案,递归地重新绘制文本视图,直到它适合。这意味着字面上看着你的文本收缩到位,但至少它完全适合它完成。代码需要一些调整来实现,但它主要在那里。[89]


2)您可以尝试将这样的自定义解决方案或者dunni的类一起攻击,这就是我使用getPaint()。measureText(str)来搜索正确的大小,但它变得更加混乱我需要它只包装在空白处...


3)你可以继续搜索 - 我尝试了更多的替代方案.Try在StaticLayout上的建议并没有给我带来回报,但也许那里有一些东西;我尝试使用StaticLayout.getEllipsis(行)来确定文本是否已关闭屏幕,无效。在这里看到我的(目前没有回答)帖子。

其它参考18


我需要一个特定的解决方案我的布局中有一个edittext和textview。 textview是固定的高度和宽度。当用户开始输入edittext时,文本应立即显示在textview中。文本字段中的文本应自动调整大小以适合文本视图。所以我更新了Chase的解决方案,为我工作。所以当文本视图中的文本发生变化时,调整大小开始。我和Chase的解决方案之间存在差异:调整大小即使用户删除了一些字符。我希望它可以帮助别人。


public class TextFitTextView extends TextView {

// Minimum text size for this text view
public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 10;

// Maximum text size for this text view - if it is 0, then the text acts
// like match_parent
public static final float MAX_TEXT_SIZE = 0;

// Our ellipse string
private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

// Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for
// resizing
private float mTextSize;

// Lower bounds for text size
private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

// Max bounds for text size
private float mMaxTextSize = MAX_TEXT_SIZE;

// Text view line spacing multiplier
private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

// Text view additional line spacing
private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

// Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;

// Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
private int heightLimit;
private int widthLimit;

// Default constructor override
public TextFitTextView(Context context) {
    this(context, null);
}

// Default constructor when inflating from XML file
public TextFitTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    this(context, attrs, 0);
}

// Default constructor override
public TextFitTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    mTextSize = getTextSize();
}

/**
 * When text changes resize the text size.
 */
@Override
protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start, final int before, final int after) {
    // if we are adding new chars to text
    if (before <= after && after != 1) {
        resizeText(true);
        // now we are deleting chars
    } else {
        resizeText(false);
    }
}

/**
 * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
 */
@Override
public void setTextSize(float size) {
    super.setTextSize(size);
    mTextSize = getTextSize();
}

/**
 * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
 */
@Override
public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
    super.setTextSize(unit, size);
    mTextSize = getTextSize();
}

/**
 * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
 */
@Override
public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
    super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
    mSpacingMult = mult;
    mSpacingAdd = add;
}

/**
 * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
 * 
 * @param minTextSize
 */
public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
    mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
    requestLayout();
    invalidate();
}

/**
 * Return lower text size limit
 * 
 * @return
 */
public float getMinTextSize() {
    return mMinTextSize;
}

/**
 * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
 * 
 * @param addEllipsis
 */
public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
    mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
}

/**
 * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text
 * size
 * 
 * @return
 */
public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
    return mAddEllipsis;
}

/**
 * Get width and height limits
 */
@Override
protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
    if (widthLimit == 0 && heightLimit == 0) {
        widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft() - getCompoundPaddingRight();
        heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom() - getCompoundPaddingTop();
    }
    super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
}

/**
 * Resize the text size with specified width and height
 * 
 * @param width
 * @param height
 */
public void resizeText(boolean increase) {
    CharSequence text = getText();
    // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no
    // text
    if (text == null || text.length() == 0 || heightLimit <= 0 || widthLimit <= 0 || mTextSize == 0) {
        return;
    }

    // Get the text view's paint object
    TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

    // Get the required text height
    int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, widthLimit, mTextSize);


    // If the text length is increased 
    // Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min
    // text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
    if (increase) {
        while (textHeight > heightLimit && mTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
            mTextSize = Math.max(mTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, widthLimit, mTextSize);
        }
    } 
//      text length has been decreased
    else {
//          if max test size is set then add it to while condition
        if (mMaxTextSize != 0) {
            while (textHeight < heightLimit && mTextSize <= mMaxTextSize) {
                mTextSize = mTextSize + 2;
                textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, widthLimit, mTextSize);
            }
        } else {
            while (textHeight < heightLimit) {
                mTextSize = mTextSize + 2;
                textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, widthLimit, mTextSize);
            }
        }
        mTextSize = textHeight > heightLimit ? mTextSize - 2 : mTextSize;
    }

    // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append
    // an ellipsis
    if (mAddEllipsis && mTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > heightLimit) {
        // Draw using a static layout
        TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(textPaint);
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, paint, widthLimit, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult,
                mSpacingAdd, false);
        // Check that we have a least one line of rendered text
        if (layout.getLineCount() > 0) {
            // Since the line at the specific vertical position would be cut
            // off,
            // we must trim up to the previous line
            int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(heightLimit) - 1;
            // If the text would not even fit on a single line, clear it
            if (lastLine < 0) {
                setText("");
            }
            // Otherwise, trim to the previous line and add an ellipsis
            else {
                int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
                int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
                float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
                float ellipseWidth = paint.measureText(mEllipsis);

                // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the
                // ellipsis
                while (widthLimit < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                    lineWidth = paint.measureText(text.subSequence(start, --end + 1).toString());
                }
                setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);
            }
        }
    }

    // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line
    // spacing
    // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
    setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
    setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

}

// Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to
// render text off screen before measuring
private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint originalPaint, int width, float textSize) {
    // Update the text paint object
    TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(originalPaint);
    paint.setTextSize(textSize);
    // Measure using a static layout
    StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd,
            true);
    return layout.getHeight();
}

}

其它参考19


您可以使用android.text.StaticLayout类。这就是TextView在内部使用的内容。

其它参考20


我刚刚创建了以下方法(基于Chase的想法),如果你想在任何画布上绘制文本,它可能对你有帮助:


private static void drawText(Canvas canvas, int xStart, int yStart,
        int xWidth, int yHeigth, String textToDisplay,
        TextPaint paintToUse, float startTextSizeInPixels,
        float stepSizeForTextSizeSteps) {

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;
    // Text view additional line spacing
    float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;
    StaticLayout l = null;
    do {
        paintToUse.setTextSize(startTextSizeInPixels);
        startTextSizeInPixels -= stepSizeForTextSizeSteps;
        l = new StaticLayout(textToDisplay, paintToUse, xWidth,
                Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
    } while (l.getHeight() > yHeigth);

    int textCenterX = xStart + (xWidth / 2);
    int textCenterY = (yHeigth - l.getHeight()) / 2;

    canvas.save();
    canvas.translate(textCenterX, textCenterY);
    l.draw(canvas);
    canvas.restore();
}


这可以用于例如在任何自定义视图的任何onDraw()方法中。

其它参考21


这是另一个解决方案,只是为了踢。它可能不是非常有效,但它确实应对文本的高度和宽度,以及标记文本。


@Override
protected void onMeasure(final int widthMeasureSpec, final int heightMeasureSpec)
{
    if ((MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED)
            && (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED)) {

        final float desiredWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
        final float desiredHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);

        float textSize = getTextSize();
        float lastScale = Float.NEGATIVE_INFINITY;
        while (textSize > MINIMUM_AUTO_TEXT_SIZE_PX) {
            // Measure how big the textview would like to be with the current text size.
            super.onMeasure(MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

            // Calculate how much we'd need to scale it to fit the desired size, and
            // apply that scaling to the text size as an estimate of what we need.
            final float widthScale = desiredWidth / getMeasuredWidth();
            final float heightScale = desiredHeight / getMeasuredHeight();
            final float scale = Math.min(widthScale, heightScale);

            // If we don't need to shrink the text, or we don't seem to be converging, we're done.
            if ((scale >= 1f) || (scale <= lastScale)) {
                break;
            }

            // Shrink the text size and keep trying.
            textSize = Math.max((float) Math.floor(scale * textSize), MINIMUM_AUTO_TEXT_SIZE_PX);
            setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, textSize);
            lastScale = scale;
        }
    }
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
}

其它参考22


我结合了上面的一些建议来制作一个用二分法扩大和缩小的建议。它也在宽度范围内缩放。


/**
 *               DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *                    Version 2, December 2004
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Sam Hocevar <sam@hocevar.net>
 *
 * Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim or modified
 * copies of this license document, and changing it is allowed as long
 * as the name is changed.
 *
 *            DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
 *
 *  0. You just DO WHAT YOU WANT TO.
 */

import android.content.Context;
import android.text.Layout.Alignment;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

/**
 * Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view. If the text
 * size equals the minimum text size and still does not fit, append with an
 * ellipsis.
 * 
 * @author Chase Colburn
 * @since Apr 4, 2011
 */
public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 10;

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MAX_TEXT_SIZE = 128;

    private static final int BISECTION_LOOP_WATCH_DOG = 30;

    // Interface for resize notifications
    public interface OnTextResizeListener {
        public void onTextResize(TextView textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
    }

    // Our ellipse string
    private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

    // Registered resize listener
    private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

    // Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
    private boolean mNeedsResize = false;

    // Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for
    // resizing
    private float mTextSize;

    // Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize = MAX_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

    // Text view additional line spacing
    private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

    // Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
    private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    // Default constructor when inflating from XML file
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text
     * size.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
            final int before, final int after) {
        mNeedsResize = true;
        // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
        resetTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        if (w != oldw || h != oldh) {
            mNeedsResize = true;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Register listener to receive resize notifications
     * 
     * @param listener
     */
    public void setOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener) {
        mTextResizeListener = listener;
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        super.setTextSize(size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
        super.setTextSize(unit, size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
        super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
        mSpacingMult = mult;
        mSpacingAdd = add;
    }

    /**
     * Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
     * 
     * @param maxTextSize
     */
    public void setMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize) {
        mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return upper text size limit
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public float getMaxTextSize() {
        return mMaxTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
     * 
     * @param minTextSize
     */
    public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
        mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return lower text size limit
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public float getMinTextSize() {
        return mMinTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * 
     * @param addEllipsis
     */
    public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
        mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text
     * size
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
        return mAddEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Reset the text to the original size
     */
    public void resetTextSize() {
        if (mTextSize > 0) {
            super.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
            // mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Resize text after measuring
     */

    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right,
            int bottom) {
        if (changed || mNeedsResize) {
            int widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft()
                    - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom()
                    - getCompoundPaddingTop();
            resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }
        super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with default width and height
     */
    public void resizeText() {

        // Height and width with a padding as a percentage of height
        int heightLimit = getHeight() - getPaddingBottom() - getPaddingTop();
        int widthLimit = getWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with specified width and height
     * 
     * @param width
     * @param height
     */
    public void resizeText(int width, int height) {
        CharSequence text = getText();

        // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no
        // text
        if (text == null || text.length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0
                || mTextSize == 0) {
            return;
        }

        // Get the text view's paint object
        TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

        // Store the current text size
        float oldTextSize = textPaint.getTextSize();

        // Bisection method: fast & precise
        float lower = mMinTextSize;
        float upper = mMaxTextSize;
        int loop_counter = 1;
        float targetTextSize = (lower + upper) / 2;
        int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        int textWidth = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        while (loop_counter < BISECTION_LOOP_WATCH_DOG && upper - lower > 1) {
            targetTextSize = (lower + upper) / 2;
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
            textWidth = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
            if (textHeight > (height) || textWidth > (width))
                upper = targetTextSize;
            else
                lower = targetTextSize;
            loop_counter++;
        }

        targetTextSize = lower;
        textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append
        // an ellipsis
        if (mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize
                && textHeight > height) {
            // Draw using a static layout
            // modified: use a copy of TextPaint for measuring
            TextPaint paintCopy = new TextPaint(textPaint);
            paintCopy.setTextSize(targetTextSize);
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, paintCopy, width,
                    Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            // Check that we have a least one line of rendered text
            if (layout.getLineCount() > 0) {
                // Since the line at the specific vertical position would be cut
                // off,
                // we must trim up to the previous line
                int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(height) - 1;
                // If the text would not even fit on a single line, clear it
                if (lastLine < 0) {
                    setText("");
                }
                // Otherwise, trim to the previous line and add an ellipsis
                else {
                    int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
                    int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
                    float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
                    float ellipseWidth = paintCopy.measureText(mEllipsis);

                    // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the
                    // ellipsis
                    while (width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                        lineWidth = paintCopy.measureText(text.subSequence(
                                start, --end + 1).toString());
                    }
                    setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);
                }
            }
        }

        // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line
        // spacing
        // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
        setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, targetTextSize);
        setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

        // Notify the listener if registered
        if (mTextResizeListener != null) {
            mTextResizeListener.onTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);
        }

        // Reset force resize flag
        mNeedsResize = false;
    }

    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to
    // render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint originalPaint,
            int width, float textSize) {
        // modified: make a copy of the original TextPaint object for measuring
        // (apparently the object gets modified while measuring, see also the
        // docs for TextView.getPaint() (which states to access it read-only)
        TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(originalPaint);
        // Update the text paint object
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Measure using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width,
                Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        return layout.getHeight();
    }

    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to
    // render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextWidth(CharSequence source, TextPaint originalPaint,
            int width, float textSize) {
        // Update the text paint object
        TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(originalPaint);
        // Draw using a static layout
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);

        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width,
                Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);

        return (int) layout.getLineWidth(0);
    }
}

其它参考23


我使用了chase和M-WaJeEh的代码
我发现了一些优势和优势不利于此


从追逐



  优点:

  
  

      
  • 它非常适合1行TextView

  •   

  
  坏处:

  
  

      
  • 如果它与自定义字体超过1行,则某些文本将消失

  •   
  • 如果它启用椭圆,它没有为椭圆准备空间

  •   
  • 如果是自定义字体(字体),它就不支持

  •   



来自M-WaJeEh



  优点:

  
  

      
  • 它非常适合多线

  •   

  
  坏处:

  
  

      
  • 如果将height设置为wrap-content,则此代码将从最小大小开始,它将尽可能减小到最小,而不是从setSize减小并减少有限宽度

  •   
  • 如果是自定义字体(字体),它就不支持

  •   


其它参考24


如果有人需要它,这里是相同的代码片段,但对于Xamarin.Android。


/**
 *               DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *                    Version 1, December 2017
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2017 Nathan Westfall
 * 
 * Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim or modified
 * copies of this license document, and changing it is allowed as long
 * as the name is changed.
 * 
 *            DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
 * 
 *  0. You just DO WHAT YOU WANT TO.
 */

using Android.Content;
using Android.Runtime;
using Android.Widget;
using Android.Util;
using Android.Text;

using Java.Lang;

namespace My.Text
{
    public class AutoResizeTextView : TextView
    {
        public const float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

        public interface OnTextResizeListener
        {
            void OnTextResize(TextView textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
        }

        private const string mEllipsis = "...";

        private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

        private bool mNeedsResize = false;

        private float mTextSize;

        private float mMaxTextSize = 0;

        private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

        private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

        private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

        public bool AddEllipsis { get; set; } = true;

        public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) : this(context, null) { }

        public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, IAttributeSet attrs) : this(context, attrs, 0) { }

        public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, IAttributeSet attrs, int defStyle): base(context, attrs, defStyle)
        {
            mTextSize = TextSize;
        }

        protected override void OnTextChanged(ICharSequence text, int start, int lengthBefore, int lengthAfter)
        {
            base.OnTextChanged(text, start, lengthBefore, lengthAfter);

            mNeedsResize = true;

            ResetTextSize();
        }

        protected override void OnSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh)
        {
            base.OnSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh);

            if (w != oldw || h != oldh)
                mNeedsResize = true;
        }

        public void SetOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener)
        {
            mTextResizeListener = listener;
        }

        public override void SetTextSize([GeneratedEnum] ComplexUnitType unit, float size)
        {
            base.SetTextSize(unit, size);

            mTextSize = TextSize;
        }

        public override void SetLineSpacing(float add, float mult)
        {
            base.SetLineSpacing(add, mult);

            mSpacingMult = mult;
            mSpacingAdd = add;
        }

        public void SetMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize)
        {
            mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
            RequestLayout();
            Invalidate();
        }

        public float GetMaxTextSize()
        {
            return mMaxTextSize;
        }

        public void SetMinTextSize(float minTextSize)
        {
            mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
            RequestLayout();
            Invalidate();
        }

        public float GetMinTextSize()
        {
            return mMinTextSize;
        }

        public void ResetTextSize()
        {
            if(mTextSize > 0)
            {
                base.SetTextSize(ComplexUnitType.Px, mTextSize);
                mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
            }
        }

        protected override void OnLayout(bool changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom)
        {
            if(changed || mNeedsResize)
            {
                int widthLimit = (right - left) - CompoundPaddingLeft - CompoundPaddingRight;
                int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - CompoundPaddingBottom - CompoundPaddingTop;
                ResizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
            }
            base.OnLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);

            base.OnLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
        }

        public void ResizeText()
        {
            int heightLimit = Height - PaddingBottom - PaddingTop;
            int widthLimit = Width - PaddingLeft - PaddingRight;
            ResizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }

        public void ResizeText(int width, int height)
        {
            var text = TextFormatted;
            if (text == null || text.Length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0 || mTextSize == 0)
                return;

            if (TransformationMethod != null)
                text = TransformationMethod.GetTransformationFormatted(TextFormatted, this);

            TextPaint textPaint = Paint;

            float oldTextSize = textPaint.TextSize;
            float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? System.Math.Min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize) : mTextSize;

            int textHeight = GetTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

            while(textHeight > height && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize)
            {
                targetTextSize = System.Math.Max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
                textHeight = GetTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
            }

            if(AddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height)
            {
                TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(textPaint);

                StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, paint, width, Layout.Alignment.AlignNormal, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
                if(layout.LineCount > 0)
                {
                    int lastLine = layout.GetLineForVertical(height) - 1;
                    if (lastLine < 0)
                        SetText("", BufferType.Normal);
                    else
                    {
                        int start = layout.GetLineStart(lastLine);
                        int end = layout.GetLineEnd(lastLine);
                        float lineWidth = layout.GetLineWidth(lastLine);
                        float ellipseWidth = textPaint.MeasureText(mEllipsis);

                        while (width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth)
                            lineWidth = textPaint.MeasureText(text.SubSequence(start, --end + 1).ToString());
                        SetText(text.SubSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis, BufferType.Normal);
                    }
                }
            }

            SetTextSize(ComplexUnitType.Px, targetTextSize);
            SetLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

            mTextResizeListener?.OnTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);

            mNeedsResize = false;
        }

        private int GetTextHeight(ICharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width, float textSize)
        {
            TextPaint paintCopy = new TextPaint(paint);
            paintCopy.TextSize = textSize;
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paintCopy, width, Layout.Alignment.AlignNormal, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            return layout.Height;
        }
    }
}

其它参考25


对于那些在Xamarin.Android上编码的人,在 C#上重写此版本的最佳答案。为我工作得很好。


 /**
 *               DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *                    Version 2, December 2004
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Sam Hocevar <sam@hocevar.net>
 * 
 * Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim or modified
 * copies of this license document, and changing it is allowed as long
 * as the name is changed.
 * 
 *            DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
 * 
 *  0. You just DO WHAT YOU WANT TO.
 */


using System;
using Android.Content;
using Android.Runtime;
using Android.Text;
using Android.Util;
using Android.Widget;
using Java.Lang;

namespace App.GuestGuide.Droid.Controls
{
    public class OnTextResizeEventArgs : EventArgs
    {
        public TextView TextView { get; set; }
        public float OldSize { get; set; }
        public float NewSize { get; set; }
    }

    /// <inheritdoc />
    /// <summary>
    /// Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view.
    /// If the text size equals the minimum text size and still does not
    /// fit, append with an ellipsis.
    /// </summary>
    public class AutoResizeTextView : TextView
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Minimum text size for this text view
        /// </summary>
        public static float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 10;

        /// <summary>
        /// Our ellipse string
        /// </summary>
        private const string Ellipsis = "...";


        private float _mMaxTextSize;

        private float _mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

        /// <summary>
        /// Register subscriber to receive resize notifications
        /// </summary>
        public event EventHandler<OnTextResizeEventArgs> OnTextResize;

        /// <summary>
        /// Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
        /// </summary>
        private bool _needsResize;

        /// <summary>
        /// Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for resizing
        /// </summary>
        private float _textSize;

        /// <summary>
        /// Text view line spacing multiplier
        /// </summary>
        private float _spacingMult = 1.0f;

        /// <summary>
        /// Text view additional line spacing
        /// </summary>
        private float _spacingAdd;

        /// <summary>
        /// Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
        /// </summary>
        public bool ShouldAddEllipsis { get; set; }

        /// <inheritdoc />
        /// <summary>
        /// Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
        /// </summary>
        public override float TextSize
        {
            get => base.TextSize;
            set
            {
                base.TextSize = value;
                _textSize = TextSize;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
        /// </summary>
        public float MaxTextSize
        {
            get => _mMaxTextSize;
            // Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
            set
            {
                _mMaxTextSize = value;
                RequestLayout();
                Invalidate();
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Lower bounds for text size
        /// </summary>
        public float MinTextSize
        {
            get => _mMinTextSize;
            //Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
            set
            {
                _mMinTextSize = value;
                RequestLayout();
                Invalidate();
            }
        }

        public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) : this(context, null)
        {
        }

        public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, IAttributeSet attrs) : this(context, attrs, 0)
        {
        }

        public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, IAttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) : base(context, attrs, defStyleAttr)
        {
            _textSize = TextSize;
        }

        public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, IAttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr, int defStyleRes) : base(context, attrs, defStyleAttr, defStyleRes)
        {
            _textSize = TextSize;
        }

        protected AutoResizeTextView(IntPtr javaReference, JniHandleOwnership transfer) : base(javaReference, transfer)
        {
            _textSize = TextSize;
        }

        /// <inheritdoc />
        /// <summary>
        /// When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text size.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="text"></param>
        /// <param name="start"></param>
        /// <param name="lengthBefore"></param>
        /// <param name="lengthAfter"></param>
        protected override void OnTextChanged(ICharSequence text, int start, int lengthBefore, int lengthAfter)
        {
            _needsResize = true;
            // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
            ResetTextSize();
        }

        /// <inheritdoc />
        /// <summary>
        /// If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="w"></param>
        /// <param name="h"></param>
        /// <param name="oldw"></param>
        /// <param name="oldh"></param>
        protected override void OnSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh)
        {
            if (w != oldw || h != oldh)
            {
                _needsResize = true;
            }
        }

        public override void SetTextSize([GeneratedEnum] ComplexUnitType unit, float size)
        {
            base.SetTextSize(unit, size);
            _textSize = TextSize;
        }

        /// <inheritdoc />
        /// <summary>
        /// Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="add"></param>
        /// <param name="mult"></param>
        public override void SetLineSpacing(float add, float mult)
        {
            base.SetLineSpacing(add, mult);
            _spacingMult = mult;
            _spacingAdd = add;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Reset the text to the original size
        /// </summary>
        public void ResetTextSize()
        {
            if (_textSize > 0)
            {
                base.SetTextSize(ComplexUnitType.Px, _textSize);
                _mMaxTextSize = _textSize;
            }
        }

        /// <inheritdoc />
        /// <summary>
        /// Resize text after measuring
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="changed"></param>
        /// <param name="left"></param>
        /// <param name="top"></param>
        /// <param name="right"></param>
        /// <param name="bottom"></param>
        protected override void OnLayout(bool changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom)
        {
            if (changed || _needsResize)
            {
                var widthLimit = (right - left) - CompoundPaddingLeft - CompoundPaddingRight;
                var heightLimit = (bottom - top) - CompoundPaddingBottom - CompoundPaddingTop;
                ResizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
            }

            base.OnLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resize the text size with default width and height
        /// </summary>
        public void ResizeText()
        {
            var heightLimit = Height - PaddingBottom - PaddingTop;
            var widthLimit = Width - PaddingLeft - PaddingRight;
            ResizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resize the text size with specified width and height
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="width"></param>
        /// <param name="height"></param>
        public void ResizeText(int width, int height)
        {
            ICharSequence text = null;

            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(Text))
            {
                text = new Java.Lang.String(Text);
            }

            // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no text
            if (text == null || text.Length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0 || _textSize == 0)
            {
                return;
            }

            if (TransformationMethod != null)
            {
                text = TransformationMethod.GetTransformationFormatted(text, this);
            }

            // Get the text view's paint object
            var textPaint = Paint;
            // Store the current text size
            var oldTextSize = textPaint.TextSize;
            // If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the default text size
            var targetTextSize = _mMaxTextSize > 0 ? System.Math.Min(_textSize, _mMaxTextSize) : _textSize;

            // Get the required text height
            var textHeight = GetTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

            // Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
            while (textHeight > height && targetTextSize > _mMinTextSize)
            {
                targetTextSize = System.Math.Max(targetTextSize - 2, _mMinTextSize);
                textHeight = GetTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
            }

            // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append an ellipsis
            if (ShouldAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == _mMinTextSize && textHeight > height)
            {
                // Draw using a static layout
                // modified: use a copy of TextPaint for measuring
                var paint = new TextPaint(textPaint);
                // Draw using a static layout
                var layout = new StaticLayout(text, paint, width, Layout.Alignment.AlignNormal, _spacingMult, _spacingAdd, false);

                // Check that we have a least one line of rendered text
                if (layout.LineCount > 0)
                {
                    // Since the line at the specific vertical position would be cut off,
                    // we must trim up to the previous line
                    var lastLine = layout.GetLineForVertical(height) - 1;
                    // If the text would not even fit on a single line, clear it
                    if (lastLine < 0)
                    {
                        Text = string.Empty;
                    }
                    // Otherwise, trim to the previous line and add an ellipsis
                    else
                    {
                        var start = layout.GetLineStart(lastLine);
                        var end = layout.GetLineEnd(lastLine);
                        var lineWidth = layout.GetLineWidth(lastLine);
                        var ellipseWidth = textPaint.MeasureText(Ellipsis);

                        // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the ellipsis
                        while (width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth)
                        {
                            lineWidth = textPaint.MeasureText(text.SubSequence(start, --end + 1));
                        }

                        Text = text.SubSequence(0, end) + Ellipsis;
                    }
                }
            }

            // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line spacing
            // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
            SetTextSize(ComplexUnitType.Px, targetTextSize);
            SetLineSpacing(_spacingAdd, _spacingMult);

            var notifyArgs = new OnTextResizeEventArgs
            {
                TextView = this,
                NewSize = targetTextSize,
                OldSize = oldTextSize
            };

            // Notify the listener if registered
            OnTextResize?.Invoke(this, notifyArgs);

            // Reset force resize flag
            _needsResize = false;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to render text off screen before measuring
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="source"></param>
        /// <param name="paint"></param>
        /// <param name="width"></param>
        /// <param name="textSize"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private int GetTextHeight(ICharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width, float textSize)
        {
            // modified: make a copy of the original TextPaint object for measuring
            // (apparently the object gets modified while measuring, see also the
            // docs for TextView.getPaint() (which states to access it read-only)
            // Update the text paint object
            var paintCopy = new TextPaint(paint)
            {
                TextSize = textSize
            };

            // Measure using a static layout
            var layout = new StaticLayout(source, paintCopy, width, Layout.Alignment.AlignNormal, _spacingMult, _spacingAdd, true);

            return layout.Height;
        }
    }
}

其它参考26


此解决方案适用于我们:


public class CustomFontButtonTextFit extends CustomFontButton
{
    private final float DECREMENT_FACTOR = .1f;

    public CustomFontButtonTextFit(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public CustomFontButtonTextFit(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public CustomFontButtonTextFit(Context context, AttributeSet attrs,
            int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    private synchronized void refitText(String text, int textWidth) {
        if (textWidth > 0) 
        {
            float availableWidth = textWidth - this.getPaddingLeft()
                    - this.getPaddingRight();

            TextPaint tp = getPaint();
            Rect rect = new Rect();
            tp.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), rect);
            float size = rect.width();

            while(size > availableWidth)
            {
                setTextSize( getTextSize() - DECREMENT_FACTOR );
                tp = getPaint();

                tp.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), rect);
                size = rect.width();
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) 
    {
        super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);

        int parentWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
        int parentHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);

        refitText(this.getText().toString(), parentWidth);

        if(parentWidth < getSuggestedMinimumWidth())
            parentWidth = getSuggestedMinimumWidth();

        if(parentHeight < getSuggestedMinimumHeight())
            parentHeight = getSuggestedMinimumHeight();

        this.setMeasuredDimension(parentWidth, parentHeight);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
            final int before, final int after) 
    {
        super.onTextChanged(text, start, before, after);

        refitText(text.toString(), this.getWidth());
    }

    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh)
    {
        super.onSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh);

        if (w != oldw) 
            refitText(this.getText().toString(), w);
    }
}

其它参考27


感谢Chase和onoelle,对于懒惰的程序员,让我在这里发布他们梦幻般的合并代码的工作版本,适用于Button,而不是TextView。


用AutoResizeTextButtons替换你所有的按钮(不是ImageButtons),同样也解决了同样无聊的问题。


这是代码。我刚刚删除了输入商品。


/**
 *            DO WHAT THE FUCK YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *                    Version 2, December 2004
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Sam Hocevar <sam@hocevar.net>
 * 
 * Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim or modified
 * copies of this license document, and changing it is allowed as long
 * as the name is changed.
 * 
 *            DO WHAT THE FUCK YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
 * 
 *  0. You just DO WHAT THE FUCK YOU WANT TO.
 *  made better by onoelle
 *  adapted for button by beppi
 */

/**
 * Text Button that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view.
 * If the text size equals the minimum text size and still does not
 * fit, append with an ellipsis.
 * 
 * @author Chase Colburn
 * @since Apr 4, 2011
 */
public class AutoResizeTextButton extends Button {

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

    // Interface for resize notifications
    public interface OnTextResizeListener {
        public void onTextResize(Button textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
    }

    // Our ellipse string
    private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

    // Registered resize listener
    private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

    // Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
    private boolean mNeedsResize = false;

    // Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for resizing
    private float mTextSize;

    // Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize = 0;

    // Lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

    // Text view additional line spacing
    private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

    // Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
    private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextButton(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    // Default constructor when inflating from XML file
    public AutoResizeTextButton(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextButton(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text size.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start, final int before, final int after) {
        mNeedsResize = true;
        // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
        resetTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        if (w != oldw || h != oldh) {
            mNeedsResize = true;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Register listener to receive resize notifications
     * @param listener
     */
    public void setOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener) {
        mTextResizeListener = listener;
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        super.setTextSize(size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
        super.setTextSize(unit, size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
        super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
        mSpacingMult = mult;
        mSpacingAdd = add;
    }

    /**
     * Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param maxTextSize
     */
    public void setMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize) {
        mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return upper text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMaxTextSize() {
        return mMaxTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param minTextSize
     */
    public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
        mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return lower text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMinTextSize() {
        return mMinTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @param addEllipsis
     */
    public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
        mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
        return mAddEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Reset the text to the original size
     */
    public void resetTextSize() {
        if(mTextSize > 0) {
            super.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
            mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Resize text after measuring
     */
    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        if(changed || mNeedsResize) {
            int widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft() - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom() - getCompoundPaddingTop();
            resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }
        super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
    }


    /**
     * Resize the text size with default width and height
     */
    public void resizeText() {
        int heightLimit = getHeight() - getPaddingBottom() - getPaddingTop();
        int widthLimit = getWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with specified width and height
     * @param width
     * @param height
     */
    public void resizeText(int width, int height) {
        CharSequence text = getText();
        // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no text
        if(text == null || text.length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0 || mTextSize == 0) {
            return;
        }

        // Get the text view's paint object
        TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

        // Store the current text size
        float oldTextSize = textPaint.getTextSize();
        // If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the default text size
        float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? Math.min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize) : mTextSize;

        // Get the required text height
        int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        // Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
        while(textHeight > height && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
            targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        }

        // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append an ellipsis
        if(mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height) {
            // Draw using a static layout
            // modified: use a copy of TextPaint for measuring
            TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(textPaint);
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            // Check that we have a least one line of rendered text
            if(layout.getLineCount() > 0) {
                // Since the line at the specific vertical position would be cut off,
                // we must trim up to the previous line
                int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(height) - 1;
                // If the text would not even fit on a single line, clear it
                if(lastLine < 0) {
                    setText("");
                }
                // Otherwise, trim to the previous line and add an ellipsis
                else {
                    int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
                    int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
                    float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
                    float ellipseWidth = textPaint.measureText(mEllipsis);

                    // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the ellipsis
                    while(width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                        lineWidth = textPaint.measureText(text.subSequence(start, --end + 1).toString());
                    }
                    setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);
                }
            }
        }

        // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line spacing
        // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
//      textPaint.setTextSize(targetTextSize);
     // modified: setting text size via this.setTextSize (instead of textPaint.setTextSize(targetTextSize))
        setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, targetTextSize);
        setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

        // Notify the listener if registered
        if(mTextResizeListener != null) {
            mTextResizeListener.onTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);
        }

        // Reset force resize flag
        mNeedsResize = false;
    }

    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint originalPaint, int width, float textSize) {
          // modified: make a copy of the original TextPaint object for measuring
          // (apparently the object gets modified while measuring, see also the
          // docs for TextView.getPaint() (which states to access it read-only)
        // Update the text paint object
          TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(originalPaint);
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Measure using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        return layout.getHeight();
    }

}


用法:


将一个AutoResizeTextButton放在xml中代替普通Button,而不进行更改
还要别的吗。
在onCreate()put里面(例如):


    myButton = (AutoResizeTextButton)getView().findViewById(id.myButton);
    myButton.setMinTextSize(8f);
    myButton.resizeText();

其它参考28


这是我采取的方法。它非常简单。它在fontsize上使用逐次逼近零,并且通常可以在少于10次迭代中计算出来。只需将activityWidth替换为用于显示文本的任何视图的宽度。我的例子,它被设置为屏幕宽度的私有字段。仅在方法生成异常的情况下设置198的初始字体大小(真的不应该发生):


  private float GetFontSizeForScreenWidth(String text)
  {
    float fontsize = 198;

    try
    {
      Paint paint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
      paint.setColor(Color.RED);
      Typeface typeface = Typeface.create("Helvetica", Typeface.BOLD);
      paint.setTypeface(typeface);
      paint.setTextAlign(Align.CENTER);

      int lowVal = 0;
      int highVal = 2000;
      int currentVal = highVal;

      /*
       * Successively approximate the screen size until it is 
       * within 2 pixels of the maximum screen width. Generally
       * this will get you to the closest font size within about 10
       * iterations.
       */

      do
      {
        paint.setTextSize(currentVal);
        float textWidth = paint.measureText(text);

        float diff = activityWidth - textWidth;

        if ((diff >= 0) && (diff <= 2))
        {
          fontsize = paint.getTextSize();
          return fontsize;
        }

        if (textWidth > activityWidth)
          highVal = currentVal;
        else if (textWidth < activityWidth)
          lowVal = currentVal;
        else
        {
          fontsize = paint.getTextSize();
          return fontsize;
        }

        currentVal = (highVal - lowVal) / 2 + lowVal;

      } while (true);      
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
      return fontsize;
    }
  }

其它参考29


使用下面的代码扩展TextView并覆盖onDraw。它将保持文本宽高比,但大小可以填充空间。如有必要,您可以轻松修改代码以进行拉伸。


  @Override
  protected void onDraw(@NonNull Canvas canvas) {
    TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();
    textPaint.setColor(getCurrentTextColor());
    textPaint.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.CENTER);
    textPaint.drawableState = getDrawableState();

    String text = getText().toString();
    float desiredWidth = getMeasuredWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight() - 2;
    float desiredHeight = getMeasuredHeight() - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom() - 2;
    float textSize = textPaint.getTextSize();

    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
      textPaint.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), rect);
      float width = rect.width();
      float height = rect.height();

      float deltaWidth = width - desiredWidth;
      float deltaHeight = height - desiredHeight;

      boolean fitsWidth = deltaWidth <= 0;
      boolean fitsHeight = deltaHeight <= 0;

      if ((fitsWidth && Math.abs(deltaHeight) < 1.0)
          || (fitsHeight && Math.abs(deltaWidth) < 1.0)) {
        // close enough
        break;
      }

      float adjustX = desiredWidth / width;
      float adjustY = desiredHeight / height;

      textSize = textSize * (adjustY < adjustX ? adjustY : adjustX);

      // adjust text size
      textPaint.setTextSize(textSize);
    }
    float x = desiredWidth / 2f;
    float y = desiredHeight / 2f - rect.top - rect.height() / 2f;
    canvas.drawText(text, x, y, textPaint);
  }