提问



既然iPhone 3.0 sdk是公开的,我想我可以向那些已经玩过3.0 sdk的人提出这个问题。我想在我的应用程序中录制音频,但我想使用AVAudioRecorder而不是像SpeakHere演示的示例那样的旧录音方式。在iPhone开发人员中心没有任何关于如何最好地执行此操作的示例,并且仅提及类。我是iPhone开发的新手,所以我正在寻找一个简单的示例来帮助我入门。提前致谢。

最佳参考


实际上,根本就没有例子。
这是我的工作代码。用户按下导航栏上的按钮即可触发录制。
录音使用cd质量(44100个样本),立体声(2个通道)线性pcm。注意:如果您想使用其他格式,尤其是编码格式,请确保完全了解如何设置AVAudioRecorder设置(仔细阅读音频类型文档),否则您将永远无法正确初始化它。还有一件事。在代码中,我没有展示如何处理计量数据,但您可以轻松搞清楚。
最后,请注意,在撰写本文时,AVAudioRecorder方法deleteRecording会使您的应用程序崩溃。这就是我通过文件管理器删除录制文件的原因。录制完成后,我使用KVC将录制的音频作为NSData保存在当前编辑的对象中。


#define DOCUMENTS_FOLDER [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Documents"]


- (void) startRecording{

UIBarButtonItem *stopButton = [**UIBarButtonItem alloc] initWithTitle:@"Stop" style:UIBarButtonItemStyleBordered  target:self action:@selector(stopRecording)];
self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItem = stopButton;
[stopButton release];

AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
NSError *err = nil;
[audioSession setCategory :AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayAndRecord error:&err];
if(err){
    NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %d %@", [err domain], [err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
    return;
}
[audioSession setActive:YES error:&err];
err = nil;
if(err){
    NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %d %@", [err domain], [err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
    return;
}

recordSetting = [**NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];

[recordSetting setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatLinearPCM] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
[recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey]; 
[recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];

[recordSetting setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
[recordSetting setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey];
[recordSetting setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey];



// Create a new dated file
NSDate *now = [NSDate dateWithTimeIntervalSinceNow:0];
NSString *caldate = [now description];
recorderFilePath = [**NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/%@.caf", DOCUMENTS_FOLDER, caldate] retain];

NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:recorderFilePath];
err = nil;
recorder = [** AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:url settings:recordSetting error:&err];
if(!recorder){
    NSLog(@"recorder: %@ %d %@", [err domain], [err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
    UIAlertView *alert =
    [**UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle: @"Warning"
                               message: [err localizedDescription]
                              delegate: nil
                     cancelButtonTitle:@"OK"
                     otherButtonTitles:nil];
    [alert show];
    [alert release];
    return;
}

//prepare to record
[recorder setDelegate:self];
[recorder prepareToRecord];
recorder.meteringEnabled = YES;

BOOL audioHWAvailable = audioSession.inputIsAvailable;
if (! audioHWAvailable) {
    UIAlertView *cantRecordAlert =
    [**UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle: @"Warning"
                               message: @"Audio input hardware not available"
                              delegate: nil
                     cancelButtonTitle:@"OK"
                     otherButtonTitles:nil];
    [cantRecordAlert show];
    [cantRecordAlert release]; 
    return;
}

// start recording
[recorder recordForDuration:(NSTimeInterval) 10];

}

- (void) stopRecording{

[recorder stop];

NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath: recorderFilePath];
NSError *err = nil;
NSData *audioData = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile:[url path] options: 0 error:&err];
if(!audioData)
    NSLog(@"audio data: %@ %d %@", [err domain], [err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
[editedObject setValue:[NSData dataWithContentsOfURL:url] forKey:editedFieldKey];   

//[recorder deleteRecording];


NSFileManager *fm = [NSFileManager defaultManager];

err = nil;
[fm removeItemAtPath:[url path] error:&err];
if(err)
    NSLog(@"File Manager: %@ %d %@", [err domain], [err code], [**err userInfo] description]);



UIBarButtonItem *startButton = [**UIBarButtonItem alloc] initWithTitle:@"Record" style:UIBarButtonItemStyleBordered  target:self action:@selector(startRecording)];
self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItem = startButton;
[startButton release];

}

- (void)audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:(AVAudioRecorder *) aRecorder successfully:(BOOL)flag
{

NSLog (@"audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:successfully:");
// your actions here

}

其它参考1


虽然这是一个已回答的问题(而且有点旧)我已经决定将其完整的工作代码发布给其他人,这些代码发现很难找到好的工作(开箱即用)播放和录制示例 - 包括编码,pcm,通过扬声器播放,写入文件在这里是:


AudioPlayerViewController.h:


#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>

@interface AudioPlayerViewController : UIViewController {
AVAudioPlayer *audioPlayer;
AVAudioRecorder *audioRecorder;
int recordEncoding;
enum
{
    ENC_AAC = 1,
    ENC_ALAC = 2,
    ENC_IMA4 = 3,
    ENC_ILBC = 4,
    ENC_ULAW = 5,
    ENC_PCM = 6,
} encodingTypes;
}

-(IBAction) startRecording;
-(IBAction) stopRecording;
-(IBAction) playRecording;
-(IBAction) stopPlaying;

@end


AudioPlayerViewController.m:


#import "AudioPlayerViewController.h"

@implementation AudioPlayerViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    recordEncoding = ENC_AAC;
}

-(IBAction) startRecording
{
NSLog(@"startRecording");
[audioRecorder release];
audioRecorder = nil;

// Init audio with record capability
AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
[audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryRecord error:nil];

NSMutableDictionary *recordSettings = [**NSMutableDictionary alloc] initWithCapacity:10];
if(recordEncoding == ENC_PCM)
{
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatLinearPCM] forKey: AVFormatIDKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey: AVSampleRateKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey];   
}
else
{
    NSNumber *formatObject;

    switch (recordEncoding) {
        case (ENC_AAC): 
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatMPEG4AAC];
            break;
        case (ENC_ALAC):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatAppleLossless];
            break;
        case (ENC_IMA4):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatAppleIMA4];
            break;
        case (ENC_ILBC):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatiLBC];
            break;
        case (ENC_ULAW):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatULaw];
            break;
        default:
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatAppleIMA4];
    }

    [recordSettings setObject:formatObject forKey: AVFormatIDKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey: AVSampleRateKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:12800] forKey:AVEncoderBitRateKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt: AVAudioQualityHigh] forKey: AVEncoderAudioQualityKey];
}

NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/recordTest.caf", [**NSBundle mainBundle] resourcePath**]];


NSError *error = nil;
audioRecorder = [** AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:url settings:recordSettings error:&error];

if ([audioRecorder prepareToRecord] == YES){
    [audioRecorder record];
}else {
    int errorCode = CFSwapInt32HostToBig ([error code]); 
    NSLog(@"Error: %@ [%4.4s])" , [error localizedDescription], (char*)&errorCode); 

}
NSLog(@"recording");
}

-(IBAction) stopRecording
{
NSLog(@"stopRecording");
[audioRecorder stop];
NSLog(@"stopped");
}

-(IBAction) playRecording
{
NSLog(@"playRecording");
// Init audio with playback capability
AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
[audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback error:nil];

NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/recordTest.caf", [**NSBundle mainBundle] resourcePath**]];
NSError *error;
audioPlayer = [**AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:url error:&error];
audioPlayer.numberOfLoops = 0;
[audioPlayer play];
NSLog(@"playing");
}

-(IBAction) stopPlaying
{
NSLog(@"stopPlaying");
[audioPlayer stop];
NSLog(@"stopped");
}

- (void)dealloc
{
[audioPlayer release];
[audioRecorder release];
[super dealloc];
}

@end


希望这会帮助你们中的一些人。

其它参考2


我上传了一个示例项目。你可以看看。


VoiceRecorder [17]

其它参考3


它真的很有帮助。我唯一的问题是录制后创建的声音文件的大小。我需要减小文件大小,所以我在设置中做了一些更改。


NSMutableDictionary *recordSetting = [**NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];
[recordSetting setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatAppleIMA4] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
[recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:16000.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey];
[recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 1] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];


文件大小从360kb减少到25kb(2秒录制)。

其它参考4


我一直试图让这段代码在最近2小时内工作,虽然它在模拟器上没有显示错误,但设备上有一个。


事实证明,至少在我的情况下,错误来自使用的目录(bundle):


NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/recordTest.caf", [**NSBundle mainBundle] resourcePath**]];


它不可写或类似的东西......除了prepareToRecord失败的事实之外没有错误......


因此我将其替换为:


NSArray *paths = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory, NSUserDomainMask, YES);
NSString *recDir = [paths objectAtIndex:0];
NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/recordTest.caf", recDir**]


它现在像一个魅力。


希望这有助于其他人。

其它参考5


非常感谢 @Massimo Cafaro Shaybc
我能够完成以下任务


iOS 8中的 :



  录制音频&保存

  
  播放已保存的录制内容



1.在项目中添加AVFoundation.framework


在.h文件中


2.在导入语句AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h下面添加。


3.定义AVAudioRecorderDelegate


4.使用Record,Play按钮及其动作方法创建布局


5.Define Recorder和Player等


这是完整的示例代码,可以帮助您。



  ViewController.h



#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>

@interface ViewController : UIViewController <AVAudioRecorderDelegate>

@property(nonatomic,strong) AVAudioRecorder *recorder;
@property(nonatomic,strong) NSMutableDictionary *recorderSettings;
@property(nonatomic,strong) NSString *recorderFilePath;
@property(nonatomic,strong) AVAudioPlayer *audioPlayer;
@property(nonatomic,strong) NSString *audioFileName;

- (IBAction)startRecording:(id)sender;
- (IBAction)stopRecording:(id)sender;

- (IBAction)startPlaying:(id)sender;
- (IBAction)stopPlaying:(id)sender;

@end


然后完成工作



  ViewController.m



#import "ViewController.h"

#define DOCUMENTS_FOLDER [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Documents"]

@interface ViewController ()
@end

@implementation ViewController

@synthesize recorder,recorderSettings,recorderFilePath;
@synthesize audioPlayer,audioFileName;


#pragma mark - View Controller Life cycle methods
- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
}
- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning
{
    [super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
}


#pragma mark - Audio Recording
- (IBAction)startRecording:(id)sender
{
    AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
    NSError *err = nil;
    [audioSession setCategory :AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayAndRecord error:&err];
    if(err)
    {
        NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
        return;
    }
    [audioSession setActive:YES error:&err];
    err = nil;
    if(err)
    {
        NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
        return;
    }

    recorderSettings = [**NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatLinearPCM] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey];

    // Create a new audio file
    audioFileName = @"recordingTestFile";
    recorderFilePath = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/%@.caf", DOCUMENTS_FOLDER, audioFileName] ;

    NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:recorderFilePath];
    err = nil;
    recorder = [** AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:url settings:recorderSettings error:&err];
    if(!recorder){
        NSLog(@"recorder: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
        UIAlertView *alert =
        [**UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle: @"Warning" message: [err localizedDescription] delegate: nil
                         cancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles:nil];
        [alert show];
        return;
    }

    //prepare to record
    [recorder setDelegate:self];
    [recorder prepareToRecord];
    recorder.meteringEnabled = YES;

    BOOL audioHWAvailable = audioSession.inputIsAvailable;
    if (! audioHWAvailable) {
        UIAlertView *cantRecordAlert =
        [**UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle: @"Warning"message: @"Audio input hardware not available"
                                  delegate: nil cancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles:nil];
        [cantRecordAlert show];
        return;
    }

    // start recording
    [recorder recordForDuration:(NSTimeInterval) 60];//Maximum recording time : 60 seconds default
    NSLog(@"Recroding Started");
}

- (IBAction)stopRecording:(id)sender
{
    [recorder stop];
    NSLog(@"Recording Stopped");
}

- (void)audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:(AVAudioRecorder *) aRecorder successfully:(BOOL)flag
{
    NSLog (@"audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:successfully:");
}


#pragma mark - Audio Playing
- (IBAction)startPlaying:(id)sender
{
    NSLog(@"playRecording");

    AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
    [audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback error:nil];

     NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/%@.caf", DOCUMENTS_FOLDER, audioFileName**];
    NSError *error;
    audioPlayer = [**AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:url error:&error];
    audioPlayer.numberOfLoops = 0;
    [audioPlayer play];
    NSLog(@"playing");
}
- (IBAction)stopPlaying:(id)sender
{
    [audioPlayer stop];
    NSLog(@"stopped");
}

@end




其它参考6


This is from Multimedia programming guide...

- (IBAction) recordOrStop: (id) sender {
if (recording) {
    [soundRecorder stop];
    recording = NO;
    self.soundRecorder = nil;
    [recordOrStopButton setTitle: @"Record" forState:
     UIControlStateNormal];
    [recordOrStopButton setTitle: @"Record" forState:
     UIControlStateHighlighted];
    [**AVAudioSession sharedInstance] setActive: NO error:nil];
} 
else {
    [**AVAudioSession sharedInstance]
     setCategory: AVAudioSessionCategoryRecord
     error: nil];
    NSDictionary *recordSettings =
    [**NSDictionary alloc] initWithObjectsAndKeys:[NSNumber numberWithFloat: 44100.0], AVSampleRateKey,
     [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatAppleLossless], AVFormatIDKey,
     [NSNumber numberWithInt: 1], AVNumberOfChannelsKey,
     [NSNumber numberWithInt: AVAudioQualityMax],
     AVEncoderAudioQualityKey,
     nil];
    AVAudioRecorder *newRecorder =
    [**AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL: soundFileURL
                                settings: recordSettings
                                   error: nil];
    [recordSettings release];
    self.soundRecorder = newRecorder;
    [newRecorder release];
    soundRecorder.delegate = self;
    [soundRecorder prepareToRecord];
    [soundRecorder record];
    [recordOrStopButton setTitle: @"Stop" forState: UIControlStateNormal];
    [recordOrStopButton setTitle: @"Stop" forState: UIControlStateHighlighted];
    recording = YES;
}
}

其它参考7


在以下链接中,您可以找到有关使用AVAudioRecording录制的有用信息。在第一部分使用音频的链接中,有一个名为使用AVAudioRecorder类录制的锚点,它引导您进入示例。


AudioVideo Conceptual MultimediaPG [18]

其它参考8


好吧,我得到的答案帮助了我正确的方向,我非常感谢。它帮助我弄清楚如何在iPhone上实际录制,但我想我还会包含一些我从iPhone参考资料库中获得的有用代码:


AudioandVideoTechnologies [19]


我使用此代码并将其轻松添加到avTouch示例中。通过上面的代码示例和参考库中的示例,我能够使其工作得非常好。

其它参考9


对于音频设置以下的wav格式


NSDictionary *audioSetting = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:
                              [NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0],AVSampleRateKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithInt:2],AVNumberOfChannelsKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithInt:16],AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatLinearPCM],AVFormatIDKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithBool:NO], AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey, 
                              [NSNumber numberWithBool:0], AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithBool:NO], AVLinearPCMIsNonInterleaved,
                              [NSData data], AVChannelLayoutKey, nil];


参考:
http://objective-audio.jp/2010/09/avassetreaderavassetwriter.html[20]

其它参考10


开始


NSError *sessionError = nil;
[**AVAudioSession sharedInstance] setDelegate:self];
[**AVAudioSession sharedInstance] setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayAndRecord error:&sessionError];
[**AVAudioSession sharedInstance] setActive: YES error: nil];
UInt32 doChangeDefaultRoute = 1;
AudioSessionSetProperty(kAudioSessionProperty_OverrideCategoryDefaultToSpeaker, sizeof(doChangeDefaultRoute), &doChangeDefaultRoute);

NSError *error = nil;
NSString *filename = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@.caf",FILENAME];
NSString *path = [**NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Documents"] stringByAppendingPathComponent:filename];
NSURL *soundFileURL = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:path];


NSDictionary *recordSettings = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:
                                [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatMPEG4AAC], AVFormatIDKey,
                                [NSNumber numberWithInt:AVAudioQualityMedium],AVEncoderAudioQualityKey,
                                [NSNumber numberWithInt:AVAudioQualityMedium], AVSampleRateConverterAudioQualityKey,
                                [NSNumber numberWithInt: 1], AVNumberOfChannelsKey,
                                [NSNumber numberWithFloat:22050.0],AVSampleRateKey,
                                nil];

AVAudioRecorder *audioRecorder = [**AVAudioRecorder alloc]
                 initWithURL:soundFileURL
                 settings:recordSettings
                 error:&error];


if (!error && [audioRecorder prepareToRecord])
{
    [audioRecorder record];
}


STOP


[audioRecorder stop];
[audioRecorder release];
audioRecorder = nil;

其它参考11


-(void)viewDidLoad {
 // Setup audio session
    AVAudioSession *session = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
    [session setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayAndRecord error:nil];

    // Define the recorder setting
    NSMutableDictionary *recordSetting = [**NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];

    [recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatMPEG4AAC] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
    [recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey];
    [recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];

    // Initiate and prepare the recorder
    recorder = [**AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:outputFileURL settings:recordSetting error:NULL];
    recorder.delegate = self;
    recorder.meteringEnabled = YES;
    [recorder prepareToRecord];

}    

- (IBAction)btnRecordDidClicked:(UIButton *)sender {
        if (player1.playing) {
            [player1 stop];
        }

        if (!recorder.recording) {
            AVAudioSession *session = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
            [session setActive:YES error:nil];

            // Start recording
            [recorder record];
            [_recordTapped setTitle:@"Pause" forState:UIControlStateNormal];

        } else {

            // Pause recording
            [recorder pause];
            [_recordTapped setTitle:@"Record" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
        }

        [_stopTapped setEnabled:YES];
        [_playTapped setEnabled:NO];

    }

    - (IBAction)btnPlayDidClicked:(UIButton *)sender {
        if (!recorder.recording){
            player1 = [**AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:recorder.url error:nil];
            [player1 setDelegate:self];
            [player1 play];
        }
    }

    - (IBAction)btnStopDidClicked:(UIButton *)sender {
        [recorder stop];
        AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
        [audioSession setActive:NO error:nil];
    }

    - (void) audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:(AVAudioRecorder *)avrecorder successfully:(BOOL)flag{
        [_recordTapped setTitle:@"play" forState:UIControlStateNormal];

        [_stopTapped setEnabled:NO];
        [_playTapped setEnabled:YES];

    }

其它参考12


根据上面的答案,我做了一些更改,我得到了正确的输出。


第1步:在inf.plist下添加麦克风使用权限==>


  <key>NSMicrophoneUsageDescription</key>
  <string>${PRODUCT_NAME} Microphone Usage</string>


第2步:



  1. 将录制的音频文件保存到本地文档目录中

  2. 播放/停止录制

  3. 获取已保存音频文件的持续时间



这是源代码。请一看一眼并使用它。


ViewController.h


#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>

@interface ViewController : UIViewController{
AVAudioPlayer *audioPlayer;
AVAudioRecorder *audioRecorder;
}

-(IBAction) startRecording;
-(IBAction) stopRecording;
-(IBAction) playRecording;
-(IBAction) stopPlaying;

@end


ViewController.m


#import "ViewController.h"
@interface ViewController () <AVAudioRecorderDelegate, AVAudioPlayerDelegate>

@end

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
[super viewDidLoad];
// Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
}

-(IBAction) startRecording{
// Setup audio session
AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
NSError *err = nil;
[audioSession setCategory :AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayAndRecord error:&err];
if(err)
{
    NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
    return;
}
[audioSession setActive:YES error:&err];
err = nil;
if(err)
{
    NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [**err userInfo] description]);
    return;
}
AVAudioSessionRecordPermission permissionStatus = [audioSession recordPermission];
switch (permissionStatus) {
    case AVAudioSessionRecordPermissionUndetermined:{
        [**AVAudioSession sharedInstance] requestRecordPermission:^(BOOL granted) {
            // CALL YOUR METHOD HERE - as this assumes being called only once from user interacting with permission alert!
            if (granted) {
                // Microphone enabled code
                NSLog(@"Mic permission granted.  Call method for granted stuff.");
                [self startRecordingAudioSound];
            }
            else {
                // Microphone disabled code
                NSLog(@"Mic permission indeterminate. Call method for indeterminate stuff.");
                //        UIApplication.sharedApplication().openURL(NSURL(string: UIApplicationOpenSettingsURLString)!)
            }
        }];
        break;
    }
    case AVAudioSessionRecordPermissionDenied:
        // direct to settings...
        NSLog(@"Mic permission denied. Call method for denied stuff.");

        break;
    case AVAudioSessionRecordPermissionGranted:
        // mic access ok...
        NSLog(@"Mic permission granted.  Call method for granted stuff.");
        [self startRecordingAudioSound];
        break;
    default:
        // this should not happen.. maybe throw an exception.
        break;
}
}

#pragma mark - Audio Recording
- (BOOL)startRecordingAudioSound{
NSError *error = nil;
NSMutableDictionary *recorderSettings = [**NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];
[recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatLinearPCM] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
[recorderSettings setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey];
[recorderSettings setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];
[recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
[recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey];
[recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey];

// Create a new audio file
NSArray *searchPaths = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory, NSUserDomainMask, YES);
NSString *documentPath_ = [searchPaths objectAtIndex: 0];
NSString *pathToSave = [documentPath_ stringByAppendingPathComponent:[self dateString**];
NSLog(@"the path is %@",pathToSave);

// File URL
NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:pathToSave];//FILEPATH];

//Save recording path to preferences
NSUserDefaults *prefs = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
[prefs setURL:url forKey:@"Test1"];
[prefs synchronize];

audioRecorder = [**AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:url settings:recorderSettings error:&error];
if (!audioRecorder)
{
    NSLog(@"Error establishing recorder: %@", error.localizedFailureReason);
    return NO;
}

// Initialize degate, metering, etc.
audioRecorder.delegate = self;
audioRecorder.meteringEnabled = YES;
//self.title = @"0:00";

if (![audioRecorder prepareToRecord])
{
    NSLog(@"Error: Prepare to record failed");
    //[self say:@"Error while preparing recording"];
    return NO;
}

if (![audioRecorder record])
{
    NSLog(@"Error: Record failed");
    //  [self say:@"Error while attempting to record audio"];
    return NO;
}
NSLog(@"Recroding Started");
return YES;
}

#pragma mark - AVAudioRecorderDelegate
- (void) audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:(AVAudioRecorder *)avrecorder successfully:(BOOL)flag{
NSLog (@"audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:successfully:");
}

#pragma mark - AVAudioPlayerDelegate
- (void) audioPlayerDidFinishPlaying:(AVAudioPlayer *)player successfully:(BOOL)flag{
NSLog (@"audioPlayerDidFinishPlaying:successfully:");
}

- (NSString *) dateString {
// return a formatted string for a file name
NSDateFormatter *formatter = [**NSDateFormatter alloc] init];
formatter.dateFormat = @"ddMMMYY_hhmmssa";
return [**formatter stringFromDate:[NSDate date**]stringByAppendingString:@".aif"];
}

-(IBAction) stopRecording{
NSLog(@"stopRecording");
[audioRecorder stop];
NSLog(@"stopped");
}

-(IBAction) playRecording{
//Load recording path from preferences
NSUserDefaults *prefs = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
NSURL *temporaryRecFile = [prefs URLForKey:@"Test1"];

//Get Duration of Audio File
AVURLAsset* audioAsset = [AVURLAsset URLAssetWithURL:temporaryRecFile options:nil];
CMTime audioDuration = audioAsset.duration;
float audioDurationSeconds = CMTimeGetSeconds(audioDuration);
NSLog(@"Duration Of Audio: %f", audioDurationSeconds);

audioPlayer = [**AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:temporaryRecFile error:nil];
audioPlayer.delegate = self;
[audioPlayer setNumberOfLoops:0];
audioPlayer.volume = 1;
[audioPlayer prepareToPlay];
[audioPlayer play];
NSLog(@"playing");
}

-(IBAction) stopPlaying{
NSLog(@"stopPlaying");
[audioPlayer stop];
NSLog(@"stopped");
 }

 @end