提问



我有两个日期:


Start Date: 2007-03-24 
End Date: 2009-06-26


现在我需要通过以下形式找到这两者之间的区别:


2 years, 3 months and 2 days


我怎么能用PHP做到这一点?

最佳参考



  对于PHP< 5.3否则请参阅以下jurka的回答



您可以使用strtotime()将两个日期转换为unix时间,然后计算它们之间的秒数。由此可以很容易地计算出不同的时间段。


$date1 = "2007-03-24";
$date2 = "2009-06-26";

$diff = abs(strtotime($date2) - strtotime($date1));

$years = floor($diff / (365*60*60*24));
$months = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24) / (30*60*60*24));
$days = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24 - $months*30*60*60*24)/ (60*60*24));

printf("%d years, %d months, %d days\n", $years, $months, $days);


 显然,这样做的首选方式如下面的jurka所述。如果您没有PHP 5.3或更高版本,通常只推荐我的代码。


评论中有几个人指出上面的代码只是一个近似值。我仍然认为,对于大多数目的而言,这很好,因为范围的使用更多是为了提供多少时间已经过去或保持而不是提供精确度 - 如果你想这样做,只需输出日期。


尽管如此,我还是决定解决这些抱怨。如果你真的需要一个确切的范围但是无法访问PHP 5.3,请使用下面的代码(它也应该在PHP 4中工作)。这是PHP在内部用于计算范围的代码的直接端口,除了它不考虑夏令时。这意味着它最多关闭一小时,但除此之外应该是对的。


<?php

/**
 * Calculate differences between two dates with precise semantics. Based on PHPs DateTime::diff()
 * implementation by Derick Rethans. Ported to PHP by Emil H, 2011-05-02. No rights reserved.
 * 
 * See here for original code:
 * http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/trunk/ext/date/lib/tm2unixtime.c?revision=302890&view=markup
 * http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/trunk/ext/date/lib/interval.c?revision=298973&view=markup
 */

function _date_range_limit($start, $end, $adj, $a, $b, $result)
{
    if ($result[$a] < $start) {
        $result[$b] -= intval(($start - $result[$a] - 1) / $adj) + 1;
        $result[$a] += $adj * intval(($start - $result[$a] - 1) / $adj + 1);
    }

    if ($result[$a] >= $end) {
        $result[$b] += intval($result[$a] / $adj);
        $result[$a] -= $adj * intval($result[$a] / $adj);
    }

    return $result;
}

function _date_range_limit_days($base, $result)
{
    $days_in_month_leap = array(31, 31, 29, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31);
    $days_in_month = array(31, 31, 28, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31);

    _date_range_limit(1, 13, 12, "m", "y", &$base);

    $year = $base["y"];
    $month = $base["m"];

    if (!$result["invert"]) {
        while ($result["d"] < 0) {
            $month--;
            if ($month < 1) {
                $month += 12;
                $year--;
            }

            $leapyear = $year % 400 == 0 || ($year % 100 != 0 && $year % 4 == 0);
            $days = $leapyear ? $days_in_month_leap[$month] : $days_in_month[$month];

            $result["d"] += $days;
            $result["m"]--;
        }
    } else {
        while ($result["d"] < 0) {
            $leapyear = $year % 400 == 0 || ($year % 100 != 0 && $year % 4 == 0);
            $days = $leapyear ? $days_in_month_leap[$month] : $days_in_month[$month];

            $result["d"] += $days;
            $result["m"]--;

            $month++;
            if ($month > 12) {
                $month -= 12;
                $year++;
            }
        }
    }

    return $result;
}

function _date_normalize($base, $result)
{
    $result = _date_range_limit(0, 60, 60, "s", "i", $result);
    $result = _date_range_limit(0, 60, 60, "i", "h", $result);
    $result = _date_range_limit(0, 24, 24, "h", "d", $result);
    $result = _date_range_limit(0, 12, 12, "m", "y", $result);

    $result = _date_range_limit_days(&$base, &$result);

    $result = _date_range_limit(0, 12, 12, "m", "y", $result);

    return $result;
}

/**
 * Accepts two unix timestamps.
 */
function _date_diff($one, $two)
{
    $invert = false;
    if ($one > $two) {
        list($one, $two) = array($two, $one);
        $invert = true;
    }

    $key = array("y", "m", "d", "h", "i", "s");
    $a = array_combine($key, array_map("intval", explode(" ", date("Y m d H i s", $one))));
    $b = array_combine($key, array_map("intval", explode(" ", date("Y m d H i s", $two))));

    $result = array();
    $result["y"] = $b["y"] - $a["y"];
    $result["m"] = $b["m"] - $a["m"];
    $result["d"] = $b["d"] - $a["d"];
    $result["h"] = $b["h"] - $a["h"];
    $result["i"] = $b["i"] - $a["i"];
    $result["s"] = $b["s"] - $a["s"];
    $result["invert"] = $invert ? 1 : 0;
    $result["days"] = intval(abs(($one - $two)/86400));

    if ($invert) {
        _date_normalize(&$a, &$result);
    } else {
        _date_normalize(&$b, &$result);
    }

    return $result;
}

$date = "1986-11-10 19:37:22";

print_r(_date_diff(strtotime($date), time()));
print_r(_date_diff(time(), strtotime($date)));

其它参考1


我建议使用DateTime和DateInterval对象。


$date1 = new DateTime("2007-03-24");
$date2 = new DateTime("2009-06-26");
$interval = $date1->diff($date2);
echo "difference " . $interval->y . " years, " . $interval->m." months, ".$interval->d." days "; 

// shows the total amount of days (not divided into years, months and days like above)
echo "difference " . $interval->days . " days ";


阅读更多php DateTime :: diff manual [76]


从手册:



  从PHP 5.2.2开始,可以使用比较运算符比较DateTime对象。



$date1 = new DateTime("now");
$date2 = new DateTime("tomorrow");

var_dump($date1 == $date2); // bool(false)
var_dump($date1 < $date2);  // bool(true)
var_dump($date1 > $date2);  // bool(false)

其它参考2


最好的做法是使用PHP的 DateTime (以及 DateInterval )对象。每个日期都封装在DateTime中对象,然后两者之间的差异可以做出:[77] [78]


$first_date = new DateTime("2012-11-30 17:03:30");
$second_date = new DateTime("2012-12-21 00:00:00");


DateTime对象将接受任何格式strtotime()。如果需要更具体的日期格式, DateTime::createFromFormat() 可用于创建DateTime对象。[79]


实例化两个对象后,用 DateTime::diff() 从另一个中减去一个。[80]


$difference = $first_date->diff($second_date);


$difference现在拥有一个DateInterval对象,其中包含不同的信息。 A var_dump()看起来像这样:[81]


object(DateInterval)
  public 'y' => int 0
  public 'm' => int 0
  public 'd' => int 20
  public 'h' => int 6
  public 'i' => int 56
  public 's' => int 30
  public 'invert' => int 0
  public 'days' => int 20


要格式化DateInterval对象,我们需要检查每个值,如果它为0,则将其排除:


/**
 * Format an interval to show all existing components.
 * If the interval doesn't have a time component (years, months, etc)
 * That component won't be displayed.
 *
 * @param DateInterval $interval The interval
 *
 * @return string Formatted interval string.
 */
function format_interval(DateInterval $interval) {
    $result = "";
    if ($interval->y) { $result .= $interval->format("%y years "); }
    if ($interval->m) { $result .= $interval->format("%m months "); }
    if ($interval->d) { $result .= $interval->format("%d days "); }
    if ($interval->h) { $result .= $interval->format("%h hours "); }
    if ($interval->i) { $result .= $interval->format("%i minutes "); }
    if ($interval->s) { $result .= $interval->format("%s seconds "); }

    return $result;
}


现在剩下的就是在$difference DateInterval对象上调用我们的函数:


echo format_interval($difference);


我们得到了正确的结果:



  20天6小时56分30秒



用于实现目标的完整代码:


/**
 * Format an interval to show all existing components.
 * If the interval doesn't have a time component (years, months, etc)
 * That component won't be displayed.
 *
 * @param DateInterval $interval The interval
 *
 * @return string Formatted interval string.
 */
function format_interval(DateInterval $interval) {
    $result = "";
    if ($interval->y) { $result .= $interval->format("%y years "); }
    if ($interval->m) { $result .= $interval->format("%m months "); }
    if ($interval->d) { $result .= $interval->format("%d days "); }
    if ($interval->h) { $result .= $interval->format("%h hours "); }
    if ($interval->i) { $result .= $interval->format("%i minutes "); }
    if ($interval->s) { $result .= $interval->format("%s seconds "); }

    return $result;
}

$first_date = new DateTime("2012-11-30 17:03:30");
$second_date = new DateTime("2012-12-21 00:00:00");

$difference = $first_date->diff($second_date);

echo format_interval($difference);

其它参考3


查看时间和分钟和秒钟..


$date1 = "2008-11-01 22:45:00"; 

$date2 = "2009-12-04 13:44:01"; 

$diff = abs(strtotime($date2) - strtotime($date1)); 

$years   = floor($diff / (365*60*60*24)); 
$months  = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24) / (30*60*60*24)); 
$days    = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24 - $months*30*60*60*24)/ (60*60*24));

$hours   = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24 - $months*30*60*60*24 - $days*60*60*24)/ (60*60)); 

$minuts  = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24 - $months*30*60*60*24 - $days*60*60*24 - $hours*60*60)/ 60); 

$seconds = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24 - $months*30*60*60*24 - $days*60*60*24 - $hours*60*60 - $minuts*60)); 

printf("%d years, %d months, %d days, %d hours, %d minuts\n, %d seconds\n", $years, $months, $days, $hours, $minuts, $seconds); 

其它参考4


看看以下链接。这是我到目前为止找到的最佳答案.. :)


function dateDiff ($d1, $d2) {

    // Return the number of days between the two dates:    
    return round(abs(strtotime($d1) - strtotime($d2))/86400);

} // end function dateDiff



  通过时,哪个日期更早或更晚都没有关系
  日期参数。该函数使用PHP ABS()绝对值
  总是返回一个正数,作为两者之间的天数
  日期。

  
  请记住,两个日期之间的天数不是
  包括两个日期。所以,如果你正在寻找天数
  由输入日期之间的所有日期表示,包括
  你需要在这个函数的结果中加一(1)。

  
  例如,差异(由上述函数返回)
  2013-02-09和2013-02-14之间是5.但天数或
  日期范围2013-02-09 - 2013-02-14所代表的日期是6。



http://www.bizinfosys.com/php/date-difference.html[82]

其它参考5


我投票支持jurka的答案,因为这是我最喜欢的,但我有一个pre-php.5.3版本......


我发现自己正在研究一个类似的问题 - 这就是我首先得到这个问题的方法 - 但是需要几小时的差异。但是我的功能也非常好地解决了这个问题,并且我没有在我自己的图书馆中的任何地方保持它不会丢失和遗忘,所以...希望这对某人有用。


/**
 *
 * @param DateTime $oDate1
 * @param DateTime $oDate2
 * @return array 
 */
function date_diff_array(DateTime $oDate1, DateTime $oDate2) {
    $aIntervals = array(
        'year'   => 0,
        'month'  => 0,
        'week'   => 0,
        'day'    => 0,
        'hour'   => 0,
        'minute' => 0,
        'second' => 0,
    );

    foreach($aIntervals as $sInterval => &$iInterval) {
        while($oDate1 <= $oDate2){ 
            $oDate1->modify('+1 ' . $sInterval);
            if ($oDate1 > $oDate2) {
                $oDate1->modify('-1 ' . $sInterval);
                break;
            } else {
                $iInterval++;
            }
        }
    }

    return $aIntervals;
}


而且测试:


$oDate = new DateTime();
$oDate->modify('+111402189 seconds');
var_dump($oDate);
var_dump(date_diff_array(new DateTime(), $oDate));


结果如下:


object(DateTime)[2]
  public 'date' => string '2014-04-29 18:52:51' (length=19)
  public 'timezone_type' => int 3
  public 'timezone' => string 'America/New_York' (length=16)

array
  'year'   => int 3
  'month'  => int 6
  'week'   => int 1
  'day'    => int 4
  'hour'   => int 9
  'minute' => int 3
  'second' => int 8


我从这里得到了最初的想法,我为我的用途进行了修改(我希望我的修改也将在该页面上显示)。[85]


您可以通过从$aIntervals数组中删除它们,或者可能添加$aExclude参数,或者只是在输出字符串时将其过滤掉,从而非常轻松地删除您不想要的间隔(比如周) 。

其它参考6


我不知道你是否使用PHP框架,但是很多PHP框架都有日期/时间库和助手,以帮助你避免重新发明轮子。


例如CodeIgniter具有timespan()函数。只需输入两个Unix时间戳,它就会自动生成如下结果:


1 Year, 10 Months, 2 Weeks, 5 Days, 10 Hours, 16 Minutes


http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/helpers/date_helper.html[86]

其它参考7


<?php
    $today = strtotime("2011-02-03 00:00:00");
    $myBirthDate = strtotime("1964-10-30 00:00:00");
    printf("Days since my birthday: ", ($today - $myBirthDate)/60/60/24);
?>

其它参考8


使用示例:






echo time_diff_string('2013-05-01 00:22:35', 'now');
echo time_diff_string('2013-05-01 00:22:35', 'now', true);


输出:






4 months ago
4 months, 2 weeks, 3 days, 1 hour, 49 minutes, 15 seconds ago


功能:






function time_diff_string($from, $to, $full = false) {
    $from = new DateTime($from);
    $to = new DateTime($to);
    $diff = $to->diff($from);

    $diff->w = floor($diff->d / 7);
    $diff->d -= $diff->w * 7;

    $string = array(
        'y' => 'year',
        'm' => 'month',
        'w' => 'week',
        'd' => 'day',
        'h' => 'hour',
        'i' => 'minute',
        's' => 'second',
    );
    foreach ($string as $k => &$v) {
        if ($diff->$k) {
            $v = $diff->$k . ' ' . $v . ($diff->$k > 1 ? 's' : '');
        } else {
            unset($string[$k]);
        }
    }

    if (!$full) $string = array_slice($string, 0, 1);
    return $string ? implode(', ', $string) . ' ago' : 'just now';
}

其它参考9


你可以使用


getdate()


函数返回一个包含所提供日期/时间的所有元素的数组:


$diff = abs($endDate - $startDate);
$my_t=getdate($diff);
print("$my_t[year] years, $my_t[month] months and $my_t[mday] days");


如果您的开始和结束日期是字符串格式,那么使用


$startDate = strtotime($startDateStr);
$endDate = strtotime($endDateStr);


在上面的代码之前

其它参考10


我有一些简单的逻辑:


<?php
    per_days_diff('2011-12-12','2011-12-29')
    function per_days_diff($start_date, $end_date) {
        $per_days = 0;
        $noOfWeek = 0;
        $noOfWeekEnd = 0;
        $highSeason=array("7", "8");

        $current_date = strtotime($start_date);
        $current_date += (24 * 3600);
        $end_date = strtotime($end_date);

        $seassion = (in_array(date('m', $current_date), $highSeason))?"2":"1";

        $noOfdays = array('');

        while ($current_date <= $end_date) {
            if ($current_date <= $end_date) {
                $date = date('N', $current_date);
                array_push($noOfdays,$date);
                $current_date = strtotime('+1 day', $current_date);
            }
        }

        $finalDays = array_shift($noOfdays);
        //print_r($noOfdays);
        $weekFirst = array("week"=>array(),"weekEnd"=>array());
        for($i = 0; $i < count($noOfdays); $i++)
        {
            if ($noOfdays[$i] == 1)
            {
                //echo "This is week";
                //echo "<br/>";
                if($noOfdays[$i+6]==7)
                {
                    $noOfWeek++;
                    $i=$i+6;
                }
                else
                {
                    $per_days++;
                }
                //array_push($weekFirst["week"],$day);
            }
            else if($noOfdays[$i]==5)
            {
                //echo "This is weekend";
                //echo "<br/>";
                if($noOfdays[$i+2] ==7)
                {
                    $noOfWeekEnd++;
                    $i = $i+2;
                }
                else
                {
                    $per_days++;
                }
                //echo "After weekend value:- ".$i;
                //echo "<br/>";
            }
            else
            {
                $per_days++;
            }
        }

        /*echo $noOfWeek;
          echo "<br/>";
          echo $noOfWeekEnd;
          echo "<br/>";
          print_r($per_days);
          echo "<br/>";
          print_r($weekFirst);
        */

        $duration = array("weeks"=>$noOfWeek, "weekends"=>$noOfWeekEnd, "perDay"=>$per_days, "seassion"=>$seassion);
        return $duration;
      ?>

其它参考11


// If you just want to see the year difference then use this function.
// Using the logic I've created you may also create month and day difference
// which I did not provide here so you may have the efforts to use your brain.
// :)
$date1='2009-01-01';
$date2='2010-01-01';
echo getYearDifference ($date1,$date2);
function getYearDifference($date1=strtotime($date1),$date2=strtotime($date2)){
    $year = 0;
    while($date2 > $date1 = strtotime('+1 year', $date1)){
        ++$year;
    }
    return $year;
}

其它参考12


这是我的功能。必需的PHP>=5.3.4。它使用DateTime类。非常快速,快速,可以区分两个日期甚至所谓的时间。


if(function_exists('grk_Datetime_Since') === FALSE){
    function grk_Datetime_Since($From, $To='', $Prefix='', $Suffix=' ago', $Words=array()){
        #   Est-ce qu'on calcul jusqu'à un moment précis ? Probablement pas, on utilise maintenant
        if(empty($To) === TRUE){
            $To = time();
        }

        #   On va s'assurer que $From est numérique
        if(is_int($From) === FALSE){
            $From = strtotime($From);
        };

        #   On va s'assurer que $To est numérique
        if(is_int($To) === FALSE){
            $To = strtotime($To);
        }

        #   On a une erreur ?
        if($From === FALSE OR $From === -1 OR $To === FALSE OR $To === -1){
            return FALSE;
        }

        #   On va créer deux objets de date
        $From = new DateTime(@date('Y-m-d H:i:s', $From), new DateTimeZone('GMT'));
        $To   = new DateTime(@date('Y-m-d H:i:s', $To), new DateTimeZone('GMT'));

        #   On va calculer la différence entre $From et $To
        if(($Diff = $From->diff($To)) === FALSE){
            return FALSE;
        }

        #   On va merger le tableau des noms (par défaut, anglais)
        $Words = array_merge(array(
            'year'      => 'year',
            'years'     => 'years',
            'month'     => 'month',
            'months'    => 'months',
            'week'      => 'week',
            'weeks'     => 'weeks',
            'day'       => 'day',
            'days'      => 'days',
            'hour'      => 'hour',
            'hours'     => 'hours',
            'minute'    => 'minute',
            'minutes'   => 'minutes',
            'second'    => 'second',
            'seconds'   => 'seconds'
        ), $Words);

        #   On va créer la chaîne maintenant
        if($Diff->y > 1){
            $Text = $Diff->y.' '.$Words['years'];
        } elseif($Diff->y == 1){
            $Text = '1 '.$Words['year'];
        } elseif($Diff->m > 1){
            $Text = $Diff->m.' '.$Words['months'];
        } elseif($Diff->m == 1){
            $Text = '1 '.$Words['month'];
        } elseif($Diff->d > 7){
            $Text = ceil($Diff->d/7).' '.$Words['weeks'];
        } elseif($Diff->d == 7){
            $Text = '1 '.$Words['week'];
        } elseif($Diff->d > 1){
            $Text = $Diff->d.' '.$Words['days'];
        } elseif($Diff->d == 1){
            $Text = '1 '.$Words['day'];
        } elseif($Diff->h > 1){
            $Text = $Diff->h.' '.$Words['hours'];
        } elseif($Diff->h == 1){
            $Text = '1 '.$Words['hour'];
        } elseif($Diff->i > 1){
            $Text = $Diff->i.' '.$Words['minutes'];
        } elseif($Diff->i == 1){
            $Text = '1 '.$Words['minute'];
        } elseif($Diff->s > 1){
            $Text = $Diff->s.' '.$Words['seconds'];
        } else {
            $Text = '1 '.$Words['second'];
        }

        return $Prefix.$Text.$Suffix;
    }
}

其它参考13


这将尝试检测是否给出时间戳,并且还将未来日期/时间作为负值返回:


<?php

function time_diff($start, $end = NULL, $convert_to_timestamp = FALSE) {
  // If $convert_to_timestamp is not explicitly set to TRUE,
  // check to see if it was accidental:
  if ($convert_to_timestamp || !is_numeric($start)) {
    // If $convert_to_timestamp is TRUE, convert to timestamp:
    $timestamp_start = strtotime($start);
  }
  else {
    // Otherwise, leave it as a timestamp:
    $timestamp_start = $start;
  }
  // Same as above, but make sure $end has actually been overridden with a non-null,
  // non-empty, non-numeric value:
  if (!is_null($end) && (!empty($end) && !is_numeric($end))) {
    $timestamp_end = strtotime($end);
  }
  else {
    // If $end is NULL or empty and non-numeric value, assume the end time desired
    // is the current time (useful for age, etc):
    $timestamp_end = time();
  }
  // Regardless, set the start and end times to an integer:
  $start_time = (int) $timestamp_start;
  $end_time = (int) $timestamp_end;

  // Assign these values as the params for $then and $now:
  $start_time_var = 'start_time';
  $end_time_var = 'end_time';
  // Use this to determine if the output is positive (time passed) or negative (future):
  $pos_neg = 1;

  // If the end time is at a later time than the start time, do the opposite:
  if ($end_time <= $start_time) {
    $start_time_var = 'end_time';
    $end_time_var = 'start_time';
    $pos_neg = -1;
  }

  // Convert everything to the proper format, and do some math:
  $then = new DateTime(date('Y-m-d H:i:s', $$start_time_var));
  $now = new DateTime(date('Y-m-d H:i:s', $$end_time_var));

  $years_then = $then->format('Y');
  $years_now = $now->format('Y');
  $years = $years_now - $years_then;

  $months_then = $then->format('m');
  $months_now = $now->format('m');
  $months = $months_now - $months_then;

  $days_then = $then->format('d');
  $days_now = $now->format('d');
  $days = $days_now - $days_then;

  $hours_then = $then->format('H');
  $hours_now = $now->format('H');
  $hours = $hours_now - $hours_then;

  $minutes_then = $then->format('i');
  $minutes_now = $now->format('i');
  $minutes = $minutes_now - $minutes_then;

  $seconds_then = $then->format('s');
  $seconds_now = $now->format('s');
  $seconds = $seconds_now - $seconds_then;

  if ($seconds < 0) {
    $minutes -= 1;
    $seconds += 60;
  }
  if ($minutes < 0) {
    $hours -= 1;
    $minutes += 60;
  }
  if ($hours < 0) {
    $days -= 1;
    $hours += 24;
  }
  $months_last = $months_now - 1;
  if ($months_now == 1) {
    $years_now -= 1;
    $months_last = 12;
  }

  // "Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November" ;)
  if ($months_last == 9 || $months_last == 4 || $months_last == 6 || $months_last == 11) {
    $days_last_month = 30;
  }
  else if ($months_last == 2) {
    // Factor in leap years:
    if (($years_now % 4) == 0) {
      $days_last_month = 29;
    }
    else {
      $days_last_month = 28;
    }
  }
  else {
    $days_last_month = 31;
  }
  if ($days < 0) {
    $months -= 1;
    $days += $days_last_month;
  }
  if ($months < 0) {
    $years -= 1;
    $months += 12;
  }

  // Finally, multiply each value by either 1 (in which case it will stay the same),
  // or by -1 (in which case it will become negative, for future dates).
  // Note: 0 * 1 == 0 * -1 == 0
  $out = new stdClass;
  $out->years = (int) $years * $pos_neg;
  $out->months = (int) $months * $pos_neg;
  $out->days = (int) $days * $pos_neg;
  $out->hours = (int) $hours * $pos_neg;
  $out->minutes = (int) $minutes * $pos_neg;
  $out->seconds = (int) $seconds * $pos_neg;
  return $out;
}


用法示例:


<?php
  $birthday = 'June 2, 1971';
  $check_age_for_this_date = 'June 3, 1999 8:53pm';
  $age = time_diff($birthday, $check_age_for_this_date)->years;
  print $age;// 28


要么:


<?php
  $christmas_2020 = 'December 25, 2020';
  $countdown = time_diff($christmas_2020);
  print_r($countdown);

其它参考14


if日期存储在MySQL中,我发现在数据库级别进行差异计算更容易...然后根据Day,Hour,Min,Sec输出,解析并显示结果......


mysql> select firstName, convert_tz(loginDate, '+00:00', '-04:00') as loginDate, TIMESTAMPDIFF(DAY, loginDate, now()) as 'Day', TIMESTAMPDIFF(HOUR, loginDate, now())+4 as 'Hour', TIMESTAMPDIFF(MINUTE, loginDate, now())+(60*4) as 'Min', TIMESTAMPDIFF(SECOND, loginDate, now())+(60*60*4) as 'Sec' from User_ where userId != '10158' AND userId != '10198' group by emailAddress order by loginDate desc;
 +-----------+---------------------+------+------+------+--------+
 | firstName | loginDate           | Day  | Hour | Min  | Sec    |
 +-----------+---------------------+------+------+------+--------+
 | Peter     | 2014-03-30 18:54:40 |    0 |    4 |  244 |  14644 |
 | Keith     | 2014-03-30 18:54:11 |    0 |    4 |  244 |  14673 |
 | Andres    | 2014-03-28 09:20:10 |    2 |   61 | 3698 | 221914 |
 | Nadeem    | 2014-03-26 09:33:43 |    4 |  109 | 6565 | 393901 |
 +-----------+---------------------+------+------+------+--------+
 4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

其它参考15


我在下一页上找到了您的文章,其中包含许多PHP日期时间计算的参考资料。[87]


使用PHP计算两个日期(和时间)之间的差异。以下页面提供了一系列不同的方法(总共7个),用于使用PHP执行日期/时间计算,以确定两个日期之间的时间差(小时,分钟),天,月或年。


请参阅PHP日期时间 - 计算2个日期之间差异的7种方法。[88]

其它参考16


我更喜欢使用date_createdate_diff个对象。


码:


$date1 = date_create("2007-03-24");
$date2 = date_create("2009-06-26");

$dateDifference = date_diff($date1, $date2)->format('%y years, %m months and %d days');

echo $dateDifference;


输出:


2 years, 3 months and 2 days


欲了解更多信息,请阅读PHP date_diff手册[89]



  根据手册date_diff是别名
  日期时间:: DIFF()[90]


其它参考17


您还可以使用以下代码按舍入分数返回日期差异
    $ date1=$ duedate;//指定截止日期
    echo $ date2=date(Y-m-d);//当前日期
    $ ts1=strtotime($ date1);
    $ ts2=strtotime($ date2);
    $ seconds_diff=$ ts1 - $ ts2;
    echo $ datediff=ceil(($ seconds_diff/3600)/24);//天回来


如果你使用php的floor方法而不是ceil它将返回你的圆形分数。请检查这里的区别,有时如果您的登台服务器时区与实际站点时区不同,那么您可能会得到不同的结果,因此请相应地更改条件。

其它参考18


$date1 = date_create('2007-03-24');
$date2 = date_create('2009-06-26');
$interval = date_diff($date1, $date2);
echo "difference : " . $interval->y . " years, " . $interval->m." months, ".$interval->d." days ";

其它参考19


对于php版本>=5.3:创建两个日期对象,然后使用date_diff()函数。它将返回php DateInterval对象。见文件[91] [92]


$date1=date_create("2007-03-24");
$date2=date_create("2009-06-26");
$diff=date_diff($date1,$date2);
echo $diff->format("%R%a days");

其它参考20


我在PHP 5.2中遇到了同样的问题并用MySQL解决了它。可能不完全是你正在寻找的东西,但是这样做可以解决问题并返回天数:


$datediff_q = $dbh->prepare("SELECT DATEDIFF(:date2, :date1)");
$datediff_q->bindValue(':date1', '2007-03-24', PDO::PARAM_STR);
$datediff_q->bindValue(':date2', '2009-06-26', PDO::PARAM_STR);
$datediff = ($datediff_q->execute()) ? $datediff_q->fetchColumn(0) : false;


更多信息请访问http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/date-and-time-functions.html#function_datediff [93]

其它参考21


由于每个人都在发布代码示例,这是另一个版本。


我想要一个功能来显示从几秒到几年的差异(只有一个单位)。对于超过1天的时间段,我希望它在午夜翻转(周一上午10点从周三上午9点开始是2天前,而不是1)。在一个多月的时间里,我希望翻转工作在一个月的同一天(包括30/31天和闰年)。


这就是我提出的:


/**
 * Returns how long ago something happened in the past, showing it
 * as n seconds / minutes / hours / days / weeks / months / years ago.
 *
 * For periods over a day, it rolls over at midnight (so doesn't depend
 * on current time of day), and it correctly accounts for month-lengths
 * and leap-years (months and years rollover on current day of month).
 *
 * $param string $timestamp in DateTime format
 * $return string description of interval
 */
function ago($timestamp)
{
    $then = date_create($timestamp);

    // for anything over 1 day, make it rollover on midnight
    $today = date_create('tomorrow'); // ie end of today
    $diff = date_diff($then, $today);

    if ($diff->y > 0) return $diff->y.' year'.($diff->y>1?'s':'').' ago';
    if ($diff->m > 0) return $diff->m.' month'.($diff->m>1?'s':'').' ago';
    $diffW = floor($diff->d / 7);
    if ($diffW > 0) return $diffW.' week'.($diffW>1?'s':'').' ago';
    if ($diff->d > 1) return $diff->d.' day'.($diff->d>1?'s':'').' ago';

    // for anything less than 1 day, base it off 'now'
    $now = date_create();
    $diff = date_diff($then, $now);

    if ($diff->d > 0) return 'yesterday';
    if ($diff->h > 0) return $diff->h.' hour'.($diff->h>1?'s':'').' ago';
    if ($diff->i > 0) return $diff->i.' minute'.($diff->i>1?'s':'').' ago';
    return $diff->s.' second'.($diff->s==1?'':'s').' ago';
}

其它参考22


前段时间我写了一个format_date函数,因为这给了许多关于你想要约会的选项:


function format_date($date, $type, $seperator="-")
{
    if($date)
    {
        $day = date("j", strtotime($date));
        $month = date("n", strtotime($date));
        $year = date("Y", strtotime($date));
        $hour = date("H", strtotime($date));
        $min = date("i", strtotime($date));
        $sec = date("s", strtotime($date));

        switch($type)
        {
            case 0:  $date = date("Y".$seperator."m".$seperator."d",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 1:  $date = date("D, F j, Y",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 2:  $date = date("d".$seperator."m".$seperator."Y",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 3:  $date = date("d".$seperator."M".$seperator."Y",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 4:  $date = date("d".$seperator."M".$seperator."Y h:i A",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 5:  $date = date("m".$seperator."d".$seperator."Y",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 6:  $date = date("M",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 7:  $date = date("Y",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 8:  $date = date("j",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 9:  $date = date("n",mktime($hour, $min, $sec, $month, $day, $year)); break;
            case 10: 
                     $diff = abs(strtotime($date) - strtotime(date("Y-m-d h:i:s"))); 
                     $years = floor($diff / (365*60*60*24));
                     $months = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24) / (30*60*60*24));
                     $days = floor(($diff - $years * 365*60*60*24 - $months*30*60*60*24)/ (60*60*24));
                     $date = $years . " years, " . $months . " months, " . $days . "days";
        }
    }
    return($date);
}    

其它参考23


很简单:


    <?php
        $date1 = date_create("2007-03-24");
        echo "Start date: ".$date1->format("Y-m-d")."<br>";
        $date2 = date_create("2009-06-26");
        echo "End date: ".$date2->format("Y-m-d")."<br>";
        $diff = date_diff($date1,$date2);
        echo "Difference between start date and end date: ".$diff->format("%y years, %m months and %d days")."<br>";
    ?>


请查看以下链接了解详情:


PHP:date_diff - 手册[94]


请注意,它适用于PHP 5.3.0或更高版本。

其它参考24


你总是可以使用以下功能,可以返回年龄和月份的年龄(即1年4个月)


function getAge($dob, $age_at_date)
{  
    $d1 = new DateTime($dob);
    $d2 = new DateTime($age_at_date);
    $age = $d2->diff($d1);
    $years = $age->y;
    $months = $age->m;

    return $years.'.'.months;
}


或者如果您希望在当前日期计算年龄,您可以使用


function getAge($dob)
{  
    $d1 = new DateTime($dob);
    $d2 = new DateTime(date());
    $age = $d2->diff($d1);
    $years = $age->y;
    $months = $age->m;

    return $years.'.'.months;
}

其它参考25


一个简单的功能


function time_difference($time_1, $time_2, $limit = null)
{

    $val_1 = new DateTime($time_1);
    $val_2 = new DateTime($time_2);

    $interval = $val_1->diff($val_2);

    $output = array(
        "year" => $interval->y,
        "month" => $interval->m,
        "day" => $interval->d,
        "hour" => $interval->h,
        "minute" => $interval->i,
        "second" => $interval->s
    );

    $return = "";
    foreach ($output AS $key => $value) {

        if ($value == 1)
            $return .= $value . " " . $key . " ";
        elseif ($value >= 1)
            $return .= $value . " " . $key . "s ";

        if ($key == $limit)
            return trim($return);
    }
    return trim($return);
}


使用像


echo time_difference ($time_1, $time_2, "day");


会像2 years 8 months 2 days那样回归

其它参考26


当PHP 5.3(分别为date_diff())不可用时,我使用了我编写的以下函数:


        function dateDifference($startDate, $endDate)
        {
            $startDate = strtotime($startDate);
            $endDate = strtotime($endDate);
            if ($startDate === false || $startDate < 0 || $endDate === false || $endDate < 0 || $startDate > $endDate)
                return false;

            $years = date('Y', $endDate) - date('Y', $startDate);

            $endMonth = date('m', $endDate);
            $startMonth = date('m', $startDate);

            // Calculate months
            $months = $endMonth - $startMonth;
            if ($months <= 0)  {
                $months += 12;
                $years--;
            }
            if ($years < 0)
                return false;

            // Calculate the days
            $measure = ($months == 1) ? 'month' : 'months';
            $days = $endDate - strtotime('+' . $months . ' ' . $measure, $startDate);
            $days = date('z', $days);   

            return array($years, $months, $days);
        }

其它参考27


DateInterval很棒,但有一些注意事项:



  1. 仅适用于PHP 5.3+(,但那不再是一个好借口)

  2. 仅支持年,月,日,小时,分钟和秒(无周)

  3. 它计算所有上述+天的差异(你不能仅仅在几个月内得到差异)



为了克服这个问题,我编写了以下内容(改进自 @enobrev 答案):


function date_dif($since, $until, $keys = 'year|month|week|day|hour|minute|second')
{
    $date = array_map('strtotime', array($since, $until));

    if ((count($date = array_filter($date, 'is_int')) == 2) && (sort($date) === true))
    {
        $result = array_fill_keys(explode('|', $keys), 0);

        foreach (preg_grep('~^(?:year|month)~i', $result) as $key => $value)
        {
            while ($date[1] >= strtotime(sprintf('+%u %s', $value + 1, $key), $date[0]))
            {
                ++$value;
            }

            $date[0] = strtotime(sprintf('+%u %s', $result[$key] = $value, $key), $date[0]);
        }

        foreach (preg_grep('~^(?:year|month)~i', $result, PREG_GREP_INVERT) as $key => $value)
        {
            if (($value = intval(abs($date[0] - $date[1]) / strtotime(sprintf('%u %s', 1, $key), 0))) > 0)
            {
                $date[0] = strtotime(sprintf('+%u %s', $result[$key] = $value, $key), $date[0]);
            }
        }

        return $result;
    }

    return false;
}


它运行两个循环;第一个通过强制执行处理相对间隔(年和月),第二个通过简单算法计算额外的绝对间隔(因此它更快):


echo humanize(date_dif('2007-03-24', '2009-07-31', 'second')); // 74300400 seconds
echo humanize(date_dif('2007-03-24', '2009-07-31', 'minute|second')); // 1238400 minutes, 0 seconds
echo humanize(date_dif('2007-03-24', '2009-07-31', 'hour|minute|second')); // 20640 hours, 0 minutes, 0 seconds
echo humanize(date_dif('2007-03-24', '2009-07-31', 'year|day')); // 2 years, 129 days
echo humanize(date_dif('2007-03-24', '2009-07-31', 'year|week')); // 2 years, 18 weeks
echo humanize(date_dif('2007-03-24', '2009-07-31', 'year|week|day')); // 2 years, 18 weeks, 3 days
echo humanize(date_dif('2007-03-24', '2009-07-31')); // 2 years, 4 months, 1 week, 0 days, 0 hours, 0 minutes, 0 seconds

function humanize($array)
{
    $result = array();

    foreach ($array as $key => $value)
    {
        $result[$key] = $value . ' ' . $key;

        if ($value != 1)
        {
            $result[$key] .= 's';
        }
    }

    return implode(', ', $result);
}

其它参考28


换一分钱,换一磅:
我刚刚回顾了几个解决方案,所有解决方案都提供了一个复杂的解决方案,使用floor(),然后轮流到26年12个月和2天的解决方案,应该是25年,11个月和20天!


这是我的这个问题的版本:
可能不是很优雅,也可能没有很好的编码,但是如果你不算LEAP年份提供更接近答案,显然闰年可以编入这个,但在这种情况下 - 正如别人说的,也许你可以提供这个答案::
我已经包含了所有TEST条件和print_r,以便您可以更清楚地看到结果的构造::
开始,


//设置输入日期/变量::


$ISOstartDate   = "1987-06-22";
$ISOtodaysDate = "2013-06-22";


//我们需要将ISO yyyy-mm-dd格式扩展为yyyy mm dd,如下所示::


$ yDate [[]]=explode( - ,$ ISOstartDate);
    print_r($ yDate);


$ zDate [[]]=explode( - ,$ ISOtodaysDate);
    print_r($ zDate);


// Lets Sort of the Years!
// Lets Sort out the difference in YEARS between startDate and todaysDate ::
$years = $zDate[0][0] - $yDate[0][0];

// We need to collaborate if the month = month = 0, is before or after the Years Anniversary ie 11 months 22 days or 0 months 10 days...
if ($months == 0 and $zDate[0][1] > $ydate[0][1]) {
    $years = $years -1;
}
// TEST result
echo "\nCurrent years => ".$years;

// Lets Sort out the difference in MONTHS between startDate and todaysDate ::
$months = $zDate[0][1] - $yDate[0][1];

// TEST result
echo "\nCurrent months => ".$months;

// Now how many DAYS has there been - this assumes that there is NO LEAP years, so the calculation is APPROXIMATE not 100%
// Lets cross reference the startDates Month = how many days are there in each month IF m-m = 0 which is a years anniversary
// We will use a switch to check the number of days between each month so we can calculate days before and after the years anniversary

switch ($yDate[0][1]){
    case 01:    $monthDays = '31';  break;  // Jan
    case 02:    $monthDays = '28';  break;  // Feb
    case 03:    $monthDays = '31';  break;  // Mar
    case 04:    $monthDays = '30';  break;  // Apr
    case 05:    $monthDays = '31';  break;  // May
    case 06:    $monthDays = '30';  break;  // Jun
    case 07:    $monthDays = '31';  break;  // Jul
    case 08:    $monthDays = '31';  break;  // Aug
    case 09:    $monthDays = '30';  break;  // Sept
    case 10:    $monthDays = '31';  break;  // Oct
    case 11:    $monthDays = '30';  break;  // Nov
    case 12:    $monthDays = '31';  break;  // Dec
};
// TEST return
echo "\nDays in start month ".$yDate[0][1]." => ".$monthDays;


// Lets correct the problem with 0 Months - is it 11 months + days, or 0 months +days???

$days = $zDate[0][2] - $yDate[0][2] +$monthDays;
echo "\nCurrent days => ".$days."\n";

// Lets now Correct the months to being either 11 or 0 Months, depending upon being + or - the years Anniversary date 
// At the same time build in error correction for Anniversary dates not being 1yr 0m 31d... see if ($days == $monthDays )
if($days < $monthDays && $months == 0)
    {
    $months = 11;       // If Before the years anniversary date
    }
else    {
    $months = 0;        // If After the years anniversary date
    $years = $years+1;  // Add +1 to year
    $days = $days-$monthDays;   // Need to correct days to how many days after anniversary date
    };
// Day correction for Anniversary dates
if ($days == $monthDays )   // if todays date = the Anniversary DATE! set days to ZERO
    {
    $days = 0;          // days set toZERO so 1 years 0 months 0 days
    };

    echo "\nTherefore, the number of years/ months/ days/ \nbetween start and todays date::\n\n";

    printf("%d years, %d months, %d days\n", $years, $months, $days);


最终结果是::
26年,0个月,0天


这是我在2013年6月22日开展业务的时间 - 哎哟!

其它参考29


这是可运行的代码


        $date1=date_create('2007-03-24');
        $date2=date_create('2009-06-26');
        $diff1=date_diff($date1,$date2);
        $daysdiff= $diff1->format("%R%a");
        $daysdiff=abs($daysdiff);